alexa
Reach Us +441993227344
Modeling the Impact of Afforestation on Monsoon Meteorology over Indian Subcontinent: Rethinking an Old Paradigm | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7617

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
Open Access

Like us on:

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Research Article

Modeling the Impact of Afforestation on Monsoon Meteorology over Indian Subcontinent: Rethinking an Old Paradigm

Abhishek Lodh1,2*
1Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Centre for Atmospheric Sciences, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110016, India
2National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF) Earth System Science Organisation, Ministry of Earth Sciences, A-50, Sector-62, NOIDA- 201 309, India
Corresponding Author : Lodh A
Centre for Atmospheric Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology
Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi-110016, India
Tel: 01126597135
E-mail: [email protected]
Received December 21, 2015; Accepted February 02, 2016; Published February 08, 2016
Citation: Lodh A (2016) Modeling the Impact of Afforestation on Monsoon Meteorology over Indian Subcontinent: Rethinking an Old Paradigm. 7:333. doi:10.4172/2157-7617.1000333
Copyright: © 2016 Lodh A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

In this study, numerical experiments using regional climate model RegCM4.0 coupled with Biosphere-atmosphere transfer scheme (BATS) land surface model is used to explore the impact of afforestation on Indian climate viz. precipitation, surface fluxes. Since Kyoto Protocol and recently during COP21, it is widely accepted that afforestation is a solution to mitigate anthropogenic climate change and viable geo-engineering technique. There is dearth of regional climate modeling studies investigating afforestation over India and its impact on Indian monsoon meteorology. The control (CTL) regional climate model simulations over Cordex South Asia domain are initialized and driven by NCEP/ NCAR Reanalysis Project 2 (NNRP2) data for large deficient monsoon year (1987, 2009) and flood monsoon year (2010). The sensitivity simulations also consists of two design experiments “RBATS-F” and “RBATS-DB” for year 1987, 2009 and 2010, using “forest” and “deciduous broadleaf” type of land use change in original land use (USGS) map as proxy for afforestation in the model land use map. In response to afforestation, total and convective precipitation, precipitable water, convergence (2meter-temperature, air temperature) increases (decreases) over the afforested area in the model. But the active and weak phase of monsoon is not impacted by afforestation. During premonsoon season, precipitable water, convergence in water vapor flux, wind magnitude increases over afforested regions of India and the increase in precipitation over Central India is significant at 99% level significance. Analysis of other meteorological variables presented here.

Keywords

Top