Yoga as a Complementary and Alternative Treatment for Psychiatric Disorders in India: A Solution to Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization (LPG) of Mental Health Care?
Assistant Professor of Psychiatric Social Work (Psychiatric Rehabilitation Services), National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, India
- *Corresponding Author:
- E-mail: [email protected]
India, being a lower middle income country (based on 2010 World Bank criteria) with 68.84% of its population living in rural areas (Census of India, 2011) and 27% living below the poverty line (Planning Commission, 2014), the government has adopted a welfare state policy where it plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the economic and social well-being of its citizens. However the availability, accessibility and affordability of mental health care services in India is affected by the fact that a meagre 0.06% of the total health budget of India (World Health Organization, 2011) caters to around 7,22,880 of Indians1 who develop one or more mental disorders in their lifetime. Further liberalization, privatization and globalization (LPG) of mental health care has caused: (1) rise in costs of medication and mental health care treatment due to medical tourism and (2) poor ratio of mental health professionals vis-a-vis patients due to brain drain. Despite the success of District Mental Health Programme (DMHP) in some states of India, accessing affordable mental health care in the community is still a challenge.