A Clinical And Mycological Study Of Onychomycosis | 51365
Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
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Onychomycosis is a major public health problem with a high incidence. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of
various causative agents of onychomycosis and to study the clinical and mycological patterns of onychomycosis. A prospective
study was conducted from September 2015 to March 2016 in university hospital center of Tlemcen in Algeria. The nails were
evaluated clinically and the nail samples were subjected to direct microscopy and culture. 73% samples were found to be positive by
direct microscopy and culture. Toe nails were affected more frequently than finger nails and distolateral subungal onychomycosis
was the most common clinical type of infection which was seen in 74.73% patients. The etiological agents were yeasts (63.33%) and
dermatophytes (36.67%). Among dermatophytes, T. rubrum was the commonest etiological agent. In our study, the mycological
examination is the key for the positive diagnostic of onychomycosis, although yeasts were the main causative agents.