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The effluent, which is coming out from the sugar industry, is not fit for irrigation purposes or other usages. Untreated effluent
cause severe pollution problems on land, plants, rivers and aqua creatures. The effects are extended to human beings through
his feed containing the polluted food plants and animals. There are various origins of the sugar effluent like Mill house waste,
Boiler house waste, Waste along with floor washings and Filter cloth wastes. This wastewater having severe pollution loads should
be treated properly until they are free from pollutants. There are various methods available for the treatment of sugar effluent.
Among them activated sludge process has a high pollutant removal efficiency and is suitable for normal atmospheric conditions.
In this work an attempt was made to find out reason for frequent disturbance of microorganisms, which is present in the aerator
tank and the various characteristics of wastewater like P
, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biological Oxygen Demand
(BOD), Mixed Liquid Suspended Solids (MLSS), Sludge Volume Index (SVI), F/M ratio were determined before and after the
treatment and reported. The various microbes present in the sludge were also identified and it was found that nearly 84.39 kg/day
of urea and 60.38 kg/day of Diammonium Phosphate (DAP) were required to treat 800 m3 of effluent from the sugar industry
using the activated sludge process.
Sujitha has completed his B.Tech-Biotechnology at St. Michael College of Engineering & Technology, Kalayarkoil and doing her M.Tech-Biotechnology
in the same Institution. Prior to her M.Tech as well as now, she is working as Assistant Professor in the department of Biotechnology. She is also an
active researcher doing many research works under the guidance of Dr. K. Jegatheesan. She has published a paper in a reputed national journal.
She has also organized and attended various National level Symposiums, Seminars and workshops.
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