Bienzymatic Bioprocess For The Conversion Of 2-hydroxyisobutyronitrile Into 2-hydroxyisobutyric Acid | 4703
ISSN: 2155-952X

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
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Bienzymatic bioprocess for the conversion of 2-hydroxyisobutyronitrile into 2-hydroxyisobutyric acid

3rd World Congress on Biotechnology

Shashi Kant Bhatia, R.K Bhatia, Mehta P.K and Bhalla T.C

Posters: Agrotechnol

DOI: 10.4172/2155-952X.S1.020

Alcaligenes sp. MTCC 10674 was isolated as 2-hydroxyisobutyronitrile hydrolyzing bacterium from soil of orchid gardens of Himachal Pradesh. Acetone cyanohydrin hydrolyzing activity of this organism comprised of nitrile hydratase and amidase activities. The media components and culture parameter for production of acetone cyanohydrin hydrolyzing enzyme activity by this bacterial isolate were optimized using response surface methodology and inducer mediation approach was also used to enhance the acetone cyanohydrin hydrolyzing activity. Isobutyronitrile (40 mM) acted as a carbon source as well as inducer for growth of Alcaligenes sp. MTCC 10674 and expression of acetone cyanohydrin hydrolyzing activity. Optimization of culture condition using response surface methodology increased acetone cyanohydrin hydrolyzing activity by 1.3 fold, while inducer mediation approach increased the activity by 1.2 fold. The half life of this enzyme was 25 h at 15?C. V max and K m value for acetone cyanohydrin hydrolyzing enzyme was 0.71 μmole mg -1 min -1 and 14.3 mM, when acetone cyanohydrin was used as substrate. Acetone cyanohydrin hydrolyzing enzyme encountered product inhibition and IC50 and K i value were calculated to be 28 mM and 10.2 mM respectively, when product α-hydroxyisobutyric acid was added in the reaction. Under optimized reaction condition 0.33 M acetone cyanohydrin was fully converted by 3 mgdcwml - resting cell in 6 h 40 min at 40 ml fed batch scale with 25.6 mgml - α-hydroxyisobutyric acid accumulation. The characterization of acetone cyanohydrins hydrolyzing activity revealed that it comprises of bienzymatic nitrile hydrolyzing system i.e. nitrile hydratase and amidase for the production of α-hydroxyisobutyric acid from acetone cyanohydrin and maximum 70% yield is being reported for the first time.
Shashi Kant Bhatia has completed his M.Sc in Biotechnology in 2007 and persuing Ph.D in Biotechnology from Dept. of Biotechnology, Himachal Pradesh University. He is working on nitrile hydrolyzing enzymes of Alcaligenes sp. for the synthesis of hydroxy acid from their corresponding hydroxynitriles.