Development Of Novel Talus Implant Based On Artificial Neural Network Prediction Of Talus Morphological Parameters | 38674
Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
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The design philosophies of current talus implant focus too much on mechanical simplicity and usually based on certain
population which tends to ignore the bony geometry difference between populations. Thus, the novel talus implant (NTI) for
particular population was developed based on artificial neural network (ANN) prediction of talus morphometrics. By using finite
element method (FEM), numerical models that include mainly the talus bone and the talus implants are created to compare the
performance of the NTI with the three different kind of current talus implant designs. The study demonstrates that not all current
talus implant are perfect match for this particular population. While, the ANN method showed a greater capacity of prediction
regarding the low percentage of error and high correlative values with the measurements obtained through computer tomographic
(CT) scan. ANN is highly accurate predictive method and has the potential to be used as assisting tools in designing talus implant.
For FEM results, only BOX and NTI exceeded the contact stress recommended for the superior articular surface compared to the
others. The results also showed that the stress increased near the resected surface. Thus, it is agreed that excessive bone resection
may not support the force at the ankle which consequently may contribute to early loosening and subsidence of the talus implant.
It is concluded that the excessive bone resection can be avoided by perfectly matching talus implant which only can be achieved by
designing talus implant for a particular population.
Rosdi Bin Daud is pursuing PhD at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia and completed his Master’s from Portsmouth University School of Engineering in 2002. He is the Senior Lecturer of Mechanical Faculty, Universiti Malaysia Pahang. He has published more than 20 conference papers which are indexed by ISI/SCOPUS and also has published a few articles in reputed journals.