Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
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Oxygen mass transfer represents the most important parameter involved in the design and operation of mixing-sparging
equipment in bioreactors. It can be described and analyzed by means of the mass transfer coefficient, kLa. The kLa values are affected by many factors such as geometrical and operational characteristics of the vessels, microorganism morphology, biocatalysts properties, composition, type & concentration of media.
Oxygen mass transfer rate have been studied during xanthan gum production process in stirred tank bioreactor. The volumetric mass transfer coefficient, kLa, has been measured by dynamic technique in solution of xanthan gum for a wide
interval of operational condition. This coefficient has been determined changing many variables such as air flow rate, agitation
speed, and superficial velocity. The efficiency of oxygen transfer could be enhanced by adding oxygen-vectors in broths, such as hydrocarbons or fluorocarbons, without increasing the energy consumption for mixing or aeration. The work was aimed at investigating the mass transfer effects of xanthan gum production by using oxygen vectors from Xanthomonas campestris. Since the solubility of oxygen is very low in fermentation broth, it becomes a growth-limiting substrate the for xanthan gum production. The use of oxygen vectors will enhance the oxygen solubility should necessarily increase the kLa and hence oxygen transfer rate (OTR). In this work, the effect of oxygen vector n-dodecane on the xanthan gum production was compared with
that of control without oxygen vector. Experimental results obtained for simulated broths indicated a considerable increase of kLa
in the presence of n-dodecane, and the existence of a certain value of n-dodecane concentration that corresponds to a maximum mass transfer rate of oxygen.
K. Vasantharaj has completed his post graduation M.Tech from SASTRA University. He has published 2 papers in the reputed journal. He has
participated & presented more than 9 International & National symposiums during his academic. He holds a rank in the Graduate Aptitude Test for
Engineering 2012 (Biotechnology).
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