Efficacy Of Some Plant Extracts As Storage Protectants Against Callosobruchus Maculatus | 28414
Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
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Presently, over 40% of crops are lost as a result of application of non-selective cropprotection agents. The agrochemical industry
is faced with increasing demand for thedevelopment of new crop protection agents that are safe for the environment and
consumers. This research aimed at contributing to the collation and organization of baseline data on the status of natural insectrepelling
and insecticidal agents; that is bioactive compounds that canserve these purposes especially for cowpea. It also aimed
at developing crop protection agentsthat would do no harm to crops, farmers and consumers but would preferentially get rid of
pests. The need to develop pest control measures as alternative to chemicals is a priority for scientistsworldwide. Therefore, it is
critical to find a cost effective and non-toxic method to prevent pestattack on field or stored crops. In this study, Azadirachta indica
(Neem) was used as pest controlagent for the main storage insect pests of cowpea- Callosobruchus maculatus. The pest repelling
property of Cymbopogon citratur (Lemon grass) and Citrus sinensis (sweet orange) were also investigated. The compounds present
in effective extracts were analyzed using Gas Chromatography/Mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Results obtained were compared
with existingdata. This led to the development of technique adoptable for small holder farmers and local foodcrop store owners.
Ojebode Mojisola Esther is a 2014 fellow of African Women in Agricultural Research and Development (AWARD). She completed her BSc at the Federal University of
Technology Akure, Nigeria and is undergoing a research MSc program at the Department of Biochemistry (Nutritional and Industrial), University of Ibadan, Nigeria. She
is the Director of Moepelorse resources for women empowerment and is dedicated to using her scientific research findings toimprove the livelihood of rural farmers.
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