Expression And Purification Of Biologically Active Alpha Toxin Of Clostridium Perfringens | 4621
ISSN: 2155-952X

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
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Expression and purification of biologically active alpha toxin of Clostridium perfringens

3rd World Congress on Biotechnology

Ajay Kumar Rai, V.K. Chaturvedi and P.K. Gupta

Posters: Agrotechnol

DOI: 10.4172/2155-952X.S1.020

Production of purified alpha toxin of C. perfringens is essential for development of diagnostics and vaccines against alpha toxin mediated clostridial diseases such as gas gangrene. But, purification of native toxins from culture requires a multistep procedure and the purity is often unsatisfactory. Thus development of recombinant alpha toxin is a promising technique for larger scale production at low cost with satisfactory qualitative maintenance. Thus in the current study, an attempt was made to clone and express plc gene encoding alpha toxin. For this, the particular gene (1115bp in size) was amplified from genomic DNA of C. perfringens obtained from Division of Biological Standardization, I.V.R.I, Izatnagar, using self designed primers. The forward and reverse primers contained EcoRI and XhoI site respectively. Further the amplicon was cloned into prokaryotic expression vector pPROEXHTb. The positive clones were confirmed by PCR, double restriction digestion and sequence analysis. Induction of recombinant clones with 1mM IPTG expressed rAlpha having 46.171 kDa molecular weight. This was subsequently purified from bacterial lysate using metal chelate affinity chromatography. Removal of urea from elute by stepwise dialysis yielded the biological active rAlpha as denoted by its hemolytic activity on murine RBC. The concentration of purified protein was 0.13mg/ ml. Antigenicity of protein was proved by immune-blotting using whole cell anti-sera raised in rabbits. Now further studies are required to test its suitability as a vaccine and diagnostic candidate in various C. perfringens diseases.
Ajay Kumar Rai completed B.V.Sc & A.H degree in 2010 from College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, MHOW. He got 10th rank in all India entrance exam for ICAR?JRF. He is presently pursuing his post graduation in Veterinary Bacteriology and Mycology at Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Deemed University, Izatnagar.