Feasibility Of Biofuels Production: Combining H2-CH4 And Lipid Production From Food Wastes Using Mixed Anaerobic Microflora | 17117
Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
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The valorisation of food wastes by means of anaerobic digestion is a widely used management option since it allows the
production of biogas. However, when fruit and vegetable wastes are used as substrates, inadequate balance of nutrients may
become a problem. Although co-digestion may be an option, this is not always possible due to the logistic associated to waste
generation and treatment. In this sense, if an additional benefit can be established for the traditional digestion process, the
addition of nutrients may be economically feasible.In the present work, the fermentation of cheese whey and food wastes for H
production was studied using mixed microflora and different reactor configurations: Single stage, two-stage, stream
recycling and membrane reactors. The fermentation was also performed at low N content to evaluate the feasibility of increasing
lipid contents of digested sample and determine the characteristics of these substances. An anaerobic reactor operating with
fruit and vegetable wastes obtained from a salad producing industry was operated until ammonium exhaustion was observed.
Lipid content in digestates was increased from 0.84 to 2.15% (dry basis) when extracted by standard soxhlet method. Exploring
the possibility of lipid accumulation in anaerobic microflora may seem an interesting way of waste valorisation.
mez has completed his PhD from the University of Le
n in anaerobic digestion of wastes. Her post-doctoral experience has been dedicated to evaluate new
alternatives for agro-industrial valorisation of wastes for H
production. She has published more than 35 papers in reputed journals dealing with hydrogen
production by fermentative processes, anaerobic co-digestion of manures with emphasis in organic matter quality and the application of spectroscopy techniques
for evaluating biological degradation of wastes and stabilisation performance.
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