Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
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Repeated use of L-asparaginase II enzyme, in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, is commonly needed
because of the enzyme?s instability and relatively short half-life which leads to more serious side effects on patients. In
the present study, we report on the cloning and expression of L-asparaginase from a thermotolerant strain of E. coli (KH027)
which isolated from camel manure and can grow at 45? C. Expression of recombinant asparaginase was conducted by fusion
asparaginase gene to pelB leader sequence and 6His residues at the C-terminus under the inducible T7 promoter in DH5α
cells. Induction of the cells with 0.1mM isopropyl-β-D-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) at late log phase of growth resulted in
1.6-fold (2111 UI) higher to that obtained in early log phase induction (1319 UI) and 1.3-fold compared with mid log phase
induction (1623 UI). The recombinant asparaginase protein was purified from the culture supernatant through nickel affinity
chromatography. The apparent molecular weight of the tetramer enzyme was found to be ~141 kDa. Overall yield (87 mg/L)
of the purified recombinant asparaginase was achieved at the shake flask level. The purified protein showed optimum activities
at a temperature of 43?C and pH 6. The Km and Kcat parameters were 3.8mM-1 and 2.92 ?103s−1, respectively. The enzyme
retained around 57% and 30% of its initial activity after 30 and 60 minutes of incubation at 50 ?C, respectively. Recombinant
L-asparaginase was evaluated for its antiproliferative effect in the leukemia cell lines of RS4; 11 and HL60 after 96 and 72 h of
incubation. The doses of 100μg/mL and time-response effect of 96 h caused a reduction value of 50% in cell viability of RS4.
However, cell viability of 50% in the leukemic cells HL-60 was noticed with a concentration of 200μg/mL with an incubation
period of 72 h.
antiproliferative results in the leukemia cell lines encourage for making in vivo investigation to increase
the possibility of using this thermostable enzyme in leukaemia therapy
Muharram M M has completed his PhD in molecular biology at the age of 35 years from Al-Azhar University, college of science through the channel system with
Hamburg University, Germany. His PhD work focused on the characterization of mitochondrial signal peptidases of S. cerevisiae. He has published more than 15
papers in reputed journals. His research interest is in the characterization of therapeutic enzymes and their expression and purification.
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