Improved Transdermal Drug Delivery Through Lipid Vesicles Having Ethanol As Integral Component | 4869
ISSN: 2155-952X

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
Open Access

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Improved transdermal drug delivery through lipid vesicles having ethanol as integral component

3rd World Congress on Biotechnology

Manish K. Chourasia

ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Biotechnol Biomater

DOI: 10.4172/2155-952X.S1.009

The practical feasibility of ethosomal vesicles has been investigated in order to deliver ketoprofen though skin to systemic circulation. Basically ethosomes exhibit lipid bilayers like liposomes; however they differ with liposomes in terms of composition. Liposomes are composed of phosphatidyl choline and cholesterol whereas ethosomes contain high concentration of ethanol in place of cholesterol. In the present project, the ethosomes were prepared, optimized and characterized. Vesicular shape, size and entrapment efficiency were determined by transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering and minicolumn centrifugation technique, respectively. Vesicle sizes varied from 120.3?6.1 to 410.2?21.8 nm depending on the concentrations of soya phosphatidyl choline (SPC) and ethanol. Entrapment efficiency increased with concentrations of SPC and ethanol. The formulations exhibited entrapment efficiencies of 42-78%. In vitro release through cellophane membrane showed sustained release of drug from ethosomal formulations in contrast to hydroalcoholic drug solution (HA) which released most of the drug within 2-3 hrs. In vitro drug permeation across human skin revealed improved drug permeation and higher transdermal flux with ethosomal formulations compared to hydroethanolic drug solution. Kinetics of in vitro skin permeation showed zero order drug release from formulations. Based on in vitro transdermal flux, the estimated steady state in vivo plasma concentration from ethosomes attained therapeutic drug levels whereas hydroalcoholic drug solution exhibited sub therapeutic drug concentration with a patch size of 50 cm2. Skin permeation of ethosomal formulations assessed by confocal microscopy revealed enhanced permeation of Rhodamine 123 loaded formulation in comparison to the hydroalcoholic solution.
Manish K. Chourasia has completed his M. Pharm and PhD from Dr. H.S. Gour University, Sagar, MP, India in the year 1999 and 2005, respectively. He has completed postdoctoral studies from Department of Pharmacy, National University of Singapore, Singapore from 2007-2009. He is working as Scientist in Pharmaceutics Division of CDRI, Lucknow. He has published more than 18 papers in reputed journals. He has also received quite a few awards including university gold medal for undergraduate studies and CRS-Capsugel/Pfizer innovative aspects of oral drug delivery and absorption Graduate/Post-Doc award, USA, for his PhD work on guar microspheres for colon targeted drug delivery