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In Vitro Anti-amoebic Potential Of Medium Chain Triglycerides Compounds | 50585
ISSN: 2332-0877

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
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In vitro anti-amoebic potential of medium chain triglycerides compounds

Joint Event on 2nd World Congress on Infectious Diseases & International Conference on Pediatric Care & Pediatric Infectious Diseases

Nurul Azira Binti Mohd Shah, Wan Nor Amilah Wan Abdul Wahab, Siti Farah Alwani Mohd Nawi, Baha Latif, Zaini Mohd Zain, Rosliza Suhaimi and Nazli Zainuddin

Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Infect Dis Ther

DOI: 10.4172/2332-0877.C1.009

Background: Amoebiasis is a parasitic disease caused by Entamoeba histolytica that causes death in developing country. The gold standard treatment for amoebiasis is metronidazole. However, the emergence of resistant against metronidazole has been increasingly reported. Thus, it is important to search for other alternative control measure which is safe and effective. Medium chain triglyceride (MCT), an active compound in natural products is widely available as a nutrient supplement and has been shown to have antiprotozoal properties. Objective: Therefore the objective of this study is to investigate the potential effect of medium chain triglycerides (MCT) against amoebic infections. Methods: The trophozoites of Entamoeba histolytica HM1: IMSS strain were axenically cultivated in TYI-S-33 medium in culture flasks and incubated anaerobically by using Anaerocult A (Merck). The anti-amoebic effect was determined by measuring the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of E. histolytica against MCT active compounds which include lauric acid, capric acid, caprylic acid and caproic acid were based on scoring of trophozoites growth using the standard method. Results: Lauric acid and capric acid exhibited anti-amoebic effect with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 400 μg per ml and 800 μg per ml respectively. Conclusion: In conclusion, MCTs was active against E. histolytica in vitro and should be considered as a probable anti-amoebic compound in amoebiasis.

Nurul Azira Binti Mohd Shah has completed her degree in Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) from University of Malaya, Malaysia. She was also awarded Master of Pathology (MPath) in Clinical Microbiology from Universiti Sains Malaysia. She is a Clinical Microbiologist and Medical Lecturer in Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.

Email: [email protected]