Inhibition Of Shigella Flexneri Virulence Regulator VirF | 73590
Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
Like us on:
Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.
VirF is an AraC family transcriptional activator that is required for the expression of virulence genes associated with invasion
and cell-to-cell spread by including multiple components of the type three secretion system (T3SS) machinery and effectors.
We tested a small-molecule compound, SE-1 (formerly designated OSSL_051168), which we had identified as an effective inhibitor
of the AraC family proteins RhaS and RhaR, for its ability to inhibit VirF. Cell-based reporter gene assays with Escherichia coli and
Shigella, as well as in vitro DNA binding assays with purified VirF, demonstrated that SE-1 inhibited DNA binding and transcription
activation (likely by blocking DNA binding) by VirF. Analysis of mRNA levels using real-time quantitative reverse transcription-PCR
(qRT-PCR) further demonstrated that SE-1 reduced the expression of the VirF-dependent virulence genes icsA, virB, icsB, and ipaB
in Shigella. We also performed eukaryotic cell invasion assays and found that SE-1 reduced invasion by Shigella. The effect of SE-1
on invasion required pre-incubation of Shigella with SE-1, in agreement with the hypothesis that SE-1 inhibited the expression of
VirF-activated genes required for the formation of the T3SS apparatus and invasion. We found that the same concentrations of SE-1
had no detectable effects on the growth or metabolism of the bacterial cells or the eukaryotic host cells, respectively, indicating that
the inhibition of invasion was not due to general toxicity. Overall, SE-1 appears to inhibit transcription activation by VirF, exhibits
selectivity toward AraC family proteins, and has the potential to be developed into a novel antibacterial agent.
Veerendra Koppolu is a Senior Scientist in Department of Biologics Development at AstraZeneca in Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA. He completed his Doctoral degree from University of Kansas, USA. He is an honorary faculty member at non-profit organization Novel Global Community Education Foundation (NGCEF) focused in guiding doctoral students. He has published over 46 papers including research article, review articles, abstracts, book chapters, and books. He is serving as Reviewer/Editor of 25 peer-reviewed international journals covering oncology and infectious disease areas. He is a member of American Association of Cancer Research (AACR), American Chemical Society (ACS) and American Association of Microbiology (ASM). His research interests include Pre-clinical and clinical development of monoclonal antibodies and novel small molecules as breakthrough therapies for cancer and infectious diseases.
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals