Lactic Acid Production From Hemicellulosic Fraction Of Sorgum Bagasse By Lactobacillus Pentosus | 63581
Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
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Among the various renewable feedstocks available for bioproducts synthesis, the sweet sorghum stands out as one of the most
promising due to its wide adaptability to different types of climate and soil. Furthermore, it is the only crop that provides stalks
and grains which can be used in the food industry, and the exceedance biomass can be used such as second generation organic acids.
Most organic acids on the market are produced via chemical synthesis with high levels of pollution. The production of organic acids of
second generation is inserted in the biorefinery context, advancing towards emerging future technologies. In this context, lactic acid
is considered a commodity with multiple industry applications, as well the polylactic acid (PLA) syntesis. The aim of this work was
the preliminary study of the lactic acid production from hemicellulosic fraction of sorgum bagasse by Lactobacillus pentosus. Initially,
the bagasse was submitted to a pretreatment with diluted acid to fractionate and extract the hemicellulose component from the solid
residue named cellulignin. Batch fermentation experiments were performed under the principles of the statistical methodology of
response surfaces to define the optimum process conditions- inoculum, xylose and KH2PO4 concentrations- under the 37ÂºC, 120
rpm. The experiments were performed until a statistical model to study the effect of several variables and to seek optimum conditions
for a multivariable system. The Lactobacillus pentosus strains exhibited increased ability to uptake and ferment xylose, reaching until
20 g/L lactic acid production.
Danielle da Silveira dos Santos Martins has completed her PhD in Sciences from the Post-graduation Program on Technology in Biochemical and Chemical Process from Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. She is a Professor at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, in Biotechnology with emphasis on Industrial Microbiology and Fermentation. She participated in theoretical-experimental projects development, scientific research and development in bioprocesses. Her subjects of research includes “The process development aimed at biofuels production, enzymes, biosurfactants, organic acids, waste treatment and industrial effluents and molecular biology techniques development”.