alexa Low Prevalence Of Hepatitis B And C Among Tuberculosis Patients In Duhok Province, Kurdistan: Are HBsAg And Anti-HCV Prerequisite Screening Parameters In Tuberculosis Control Program?
ISSN: 2332-0877

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
Open Access

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3rd Annual Congress on Infectious Diseases
August 21-23, 2017 San Francisco, USA

Muayad A Merza, Safer M Haji, Abid Mohialdeen Hasan Alsharafani and Shivan U Muhammed
University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Infect Dis Ther
DOI: 10.4172/2332-0877-C1-027
Abstract
Objective/Background: Viral hepatitis, particularly hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV), infections and tuberculosis (TB) are a global public health concern. Co-infection with HBV or HCV among TB patients may potentiate the risk of hepatotoxicity induced by anti-TB drugs. Hence, the aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of HBV and HCV among TB patients included in the Duhok National Tuberculosis Program (NTP). Methods: The Duhok NTP Center is a specialized institution in Duhok City, Iraq, concerned with management and followup of TB patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted at the center between June 2015 and May 2016. All documented TB patients were analyzed on the basis of sociodemographic and other characteristics. Thereafter, all patients underwent screening for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), anti-HCV, and anti-HIV using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The results obtained were analyzed by entering the data in binary format into a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. A p value of <.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: Two-hundred fourteen (214) documented TB patients were recruited in this study, with 127 (59.3%) males and 87 (40.7%) females. The mean age of the patients was 40.34 years (±20.29). Of the total number of patients, 4 cases (1.8%) were HBsAg-positive and one case (0.9%) was positive for anti-HCV. The variables significantly associated with HBV were history of surgical dental procedure [odds ratio (OR), 0.04; 95% confidence interval (CI), _0.01 to 0.04; p=.03], and nationality (OR, 13.67; 95% CI, 0.46–210.85; p=.007). Conclusion: The prevalence of HBV and HCV co-infection among TB patients in this study was low. This may be explained by the low rate of blood transfusion among the patients, and the very low prevalence of HIV.
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