Multi-residue Analysis (GC-ECD) Of Some Organochlorine Pesticides In Commercial Broiler Meat Marketed In Shivamogga City, Karnataka State | 64281
Toxicology: Open Access
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Organochlorine (OC) insecticides are among the most important organotoxins and make a large group of pesticides.
Physicochemical properties of these toxins, especially their lipophilicity, facilitate the absorption and storage of these toxins
in the meat thus possessing public health threat to humans. The presence of these toxins in broiler meat can be a quantitative
and qualitative index for the presence of these toxins in animal bodies, which is attributed to waste water of irrigation after
spraying the crops, contaminated animal feeds with pesticides, and polluted air are the potential sources of residues in animal
products. Fifty (50) broiler meat samples were collected from different retail outlets of Bengaluru city, Karnataka state, in ice
cold conditions and later stored under -20oC until analysis. All the samples were subjected to Gas Chromatograph attached
to Electron Capture Detector (GC-ECD, VARIAN make) screening and quantification of OC pesticides viz; Alachlor, Aldrin,
Alpha-BHC, Beta-BHC, Dieldrin, Delta-BHC, o,p-DDE, p,p-DDE, o,p-DDD, p,p-DDD, o,p-DDT, p,p-DDT, Endosulfan-I,
Endosulfan-II, Endosulfan Sulphate and Lindane (all the standards were procured from Merck). Extraction was undertaken by
blending 50 g of meat sample with 50 g sodium sulphate anhydrous, 120 ml of n-hexane, 120 ml acetone for 15 mins, extract
was washed with distilled water and sample moisture is dried by sodium sulphate anahydrous, partitioning was done with 25
ml petroleum ether, 10 ml acetonitrile and 15 ml n-hexane shaken vigorously for two minutes; sample cleanup was done with
florisil column. The reconstituted samples (using n-hexane) (Merck chem) were injected to Gas Chromatograph–Electron
Capture Detector (GC-ECD). The present study reveals that, among the 50 chicken samples subjected for analysis, 60% (15/50),
32% (8/50), 28% (7/50), 20% (5/50) and 16% (4/50) of samples were contaminated with DDTs, Delta-BHC, Dieldrin, Aldrin
and Alachlor, respectively. DDT metabolites, Delta-BHC were the most frequently detected OC pesticides. The detected levels
of the pesticides were below the levels of MRL (according to Export Council of India notification for fresh poultry meat).
Lokesha L V has completed his MVSc from Karnataka Veterinary Animal & Fisheries Sciences University, Bidar, Karnataka, India. He worked on Plant Toxicology, “Toxicity studies of Ficus amplissima in rabbits & rats”. He has joined Karnataka Veterinary Animal & Fisheries Sciences University as Assistant Professor, in the year 2011. Presently, he is pursuing his PhD degree programme from Veterinary College, Bengaluru and working on Residue Toxicology. He has been associated with organizing two International Workshops on Comprehensive Toxicology-2015 and International Seminar on Leachables, Extractables & Residual Solvents, as Treasurer. Further, he handled two university funded research projects, published 6 research papers in both national and international journals. He was awarded with various awards, bagged first place for oral presentation in National Seminar on Ethnopharmacology, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Kerala and also bagged best poster award at 36th Annual Conference of Society of Toxicology (India) 2016 , held at Amity University, Utter Pradesh.