Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
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Ornamental industry is one of the fast growing industries worldwide, especially in Japan and China. Global production of
ornamental potted plants and cut flowers comprises about 50 billion ?, corresponding to an estimated global consumer
consumption between 100 to 150 billion ?. Appropriate plant height is one of the most important traits in poinsettia. It is a non-
food and non-feed ornamental plant, is a contemporary symbol of Christmas in most parts of the world. The dwarf characteristics
in poinsettia induced by the poinsettia branch inducing phytoplasma can be obtained by using the free branching cultivars, and
enhanced by spraying growth retardants such as CCC (chlormequat) or Alar (daminozide) that inhibits the biosynthesis of the
plant hormone gibberellin (GA). Growth retardants are expensive, time consuming and have negative impact on human health
as well as the environment and in the near future. Breeding for compact growth of poinsettia is thus of importance. Traditional
plant breeding approach is time consuming and inefficient due to the heterozygous genetic background of poinsettia. Genetic
engineering is thus an important approach for production of compact poinsettia plants with reduced application of growth
retardants. This is considered a more straightforward and effective approach and is increasingly adopted. Here we report the
production of transgenic poinsettia with compact growth and without chemical application by overexpressing the Arabidopsis
short-internode (SHI) gene in poinsettia.
Md. Ashraful Islam is doing his PhD work at Bioforsk (Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research) and enrolled at the Norwegian
University of Life Sciences (UMB), Norway. He has published some papers in the reputed journals. In his PhD, he is using different tools to get
the compact poinsettia plants. Mr Islam is getting good result which will be interesting to publish in international journals. He is having about six
years teaching and research experience at the Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU), Mymensingh, Bangladesh. He has attended in some
international conferences and training courses.
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