alexa Role Of Ectoine In The Osmoadaptation Of Aeromonas Hydrophila | 12229
ISSN: 2155-952X

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
Open Access

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Role of ectoine in the osmoadaptation of Aeromonas hydrophila

4th World Congress on Biotechnology

Mohamed Bumadian

Accepted Abstracts: J Biotechnol Biomater

DOI: 10.4172/2155-952X.S1.025

Abstract
Ectoine (1, 4, 5, 6-tetrahydro-2-methyl-4-pyrimidine carboxylic acid) represents the major compatible solute in many halophilic and halotolerant bacteria isolated from saline and hypersaline environments, the role of ectoine is to balance the osmotic pressures inside and outside the cells (Rajanet al., 2010).M9 minimal medium with different concentrations of NaCl (0.5, 0.75, 1.0 M) was used to determine the ability of A. hydrophila ATCC 7966 to grow in low nutrient medium with high salinity. The roles of organic compatible solutes (glycine betaine, ectoine) taken up from the medium or synthesised de novo were investigated, this is an important process which allows bacteria to adapt and grow in high salinity. Growth of A. hydrophila ATCC 7966 in M9 minimal medium at 0.5 M, 0.75 and 1 M NaCl was faster in the presence of glycine betaine or ectoine than in their absence. However, glycine betaine and ectoine did not stimulate growth in medium without salt. These results suggest that exogenously supplied glycine betaine and ectoine stimulated the growth of strains as a function of increasing external NaCl at 0.5, 0.75 and 1.0 M. Ectoine promoted the growth of A. hydrophilaat high salinity (0.75 M NaCl after 24 hours),betaine on the other hand did not show a significant effect on growth until after 72 hours of incubation. However, there was only slight growth of cells of A. hydrophilaat 0.75 M NaCl (even after 5 days of incubation), when no betaine or ectoine was added. In addition, ectoine was the most effective compatible solute for A. hydrophila at 1 M NaCl. The effects of compatible solutes (20 mMbetaine or ectoine) on rates of oxygen uptake (respiration rates) were also measured under different NaCl concentrations (Nagata et al., 2002). Respiration rate of A. hydrophila decreased as a function of NaCl concentration increases. However, betaine and ectoine were able to significantly protect the respiration rate of A. hydrophila. In all cases, at 0.5 M NaCl and above, respiration rates in the presence of 20 mMbetaine or ectoine were higher than respiration rate of the same cells grown without addition of betaine or ectoine. Glycine betaine and ectoine led to the recovery of respiratory activity in A. hydrophilain the presence of 1.0 M NaCl, however ectoine was more effective. The de novo synthesisof compatible solute was monitored in M9 minimal medium cultures by NMR spectroscopy. Glutamate was present at 0.5 M NaCl, but at high salt concentrations (0.75, 1 and 1.25 MNaCl) only ectoine was present.
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