Situation Of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever In Last 15 Years In Iran | 51377
Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
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Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) is a zoonotic viral disease caused by infected tick bite, contact with blood or tissues
of infected livestock and nosocomially. CCHF is a life-threatening virus with a 5-50% fatality rate. CCHF in Iran was reported by
Chumakov in 1970. Since establishment of the Arboviruses and Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers Laboratory in Pasteur Institute of Iran in
2000 till now, 3104 human sera were submitted from different provinces and tested serologically and molecularly. Of 3104, we had 960
confirmed cases and 135 deaths. Males with 747 confirmed cases were the most affected gender. Geographically, Sistanva Baluchistan,
Khorasan and Isfahan provinces had the highest rate of CCHF confirmed cases. Slaughterers (240 cases) and farmers (176 cases)
were the most high-risk occupation. The results of our phylogenetic studies showed that Pakistani, Iraqi and Russian strains are the
circulating in Iran. CCHF is one of the most important viral emerging zoonotic diseases in Iran. CCHF has been mainly seen in
certain professions and regions, as it is mainly related to imported livestock from neighboring countries. Data with respect to the
gender acquired infection shows that CCHF infection in male is more than female, which seems due to male implication in high
risk professions. To establish preventive strategies for CCHF, firstly awareness and training programs for high risk professions and
secondly conducting joint projects with neighboring countries on ticks can play a critical role in the control of disease.