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Surveillance Systems For Nosocomial Infections: Principles And Challenges | 51374
ISSN: 2332-0877

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
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Surveillance systems for nosocomial infections: Principles and challenges

3rd Euro-Global Conference on Infectious Diseases

Manoochehr Karami

Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Infect Dis Ther

DOI: 10.4172/2332-0877.C1.012

Nosocomial Infections (NIs) are considered to be serious public health problems around the world. The NI-related burden is unknown because of lack of access to reliable data, lack of surveillance systems and the complexity of corresponding NI outcomes. Health care systems use different approaches for monitoring NIs. Generally, surveillance methods are categorized under the umbrellas of active, passive and sentinel surveillance methods. At present, hospitals implement passive surveillance approaches because of feasibility and low cost. However, the quality of this methodology is in question; under reporting and lack of timeliness are the main challenges. In contrast to the passive approach of NI surveillance systems, active ones do not face the challenge of realtime detection of hospital-acquired infection and provide high quality data on the trends and burdens of NIs. This approach needs extensive resources. Lessons learnt from the implementation of passive approaches to NI surveillance, especially in low and middle income countries, have revealed the necessity of implementation of integrated sentinel surveillance methods using active approaches at selected hospitals/health care facilities. Selecting representative hospitals can contribute to an appropriate understanding of NIrelated burden.

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