Dersleri yüzünden oldukça stresli bir ruh haline sikiş hikayeleri bürünüp özel matematik dersinden önce rahatlayabilmek için amatör pornolar kendisini yatak odasına kapatan genç adam telefonundan porno resimleri açtığı porno filmini keyifle seyir ederek yatağını mobil porno okşar ruh dinlendirici olduğunu iddia ettikleri özel sex resim bir masaj salonunda çalışan genç masör hem sağlık hem de huzur sikiş için gelip masaj yaptıracak olan kadını gördüğünde porn nutku tutulur tüm gün boyu seksi lezbiyenleri sikiş dikizleyerek onları en savunmasız anlarında fotoğraflayan azılı erkek lavaboya geçerek fotoğraflara bakıp koca yarağını keyifle okşamaya başlar


Survey And Biocontrol Of Rhizome Rot Disease In Southern India Turmeric Plantations | 4786
ISSN: 2155-952X

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
Open Access

Like us on:

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)
Recommended Conferences

29th Asia Pacific Biotechnology Congress

Dubai, UAE
Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 2154

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials received 2154 citations as per Google Scholar report

Indexed In
  • Index Copernicus
  • Google Scholar
  • Sherpa Romeo
  • Open J Gate
  • Genamics JournalSeek
  • Academic Keys
  • ResearchBible
  • China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)
  • Access to Global Online Research in Agriculture (AGORA)
  • Electronic Journals Library
  • RefSeek
  • Hamdard University
  • OCLC- WorldCat
  • SWB online catalog
  • Virtual Library of Biology (vifabio)
  • Publons
  • Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research
  • Euro Pub
Recommended Journals
Share This Page

Survey and biocontrol of rhizome rot disease in southern India turmeric plantations

3rd World Congress on Biotechnology

P. Ponmurugan, R. Ganesh babu, C. Monica and N. Mathivanan

ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Biotechnol Biomater

DOI: 10.4172/2155-952X.S1.009

Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) belongs to the family Zingiberaceae is an important commercial spice crop in India. Indian turmeric is considered the best in the world in terms of total area (224.60 thousand ha), production (587.40 thousand tones), quality and disease free. Curcumin is the major pigment responsible for the yellow colour in turmeric and its production is influenced by several factors such as soil type, genotype and nutrient management. Moreover, presently there is an increasing consciousness amongst people regarding health, hygiene and environmental pollution. Among the several diseases in turmeric plants, rhizome rot caused by Pythium aphanidermatum is a serious problem in Indian turmeric plantations especially planting districts such as Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Erode, Namakkal, and Villupuram belongs to Tamil Nadu state. It has been reported that there was a significant reduction in turmeric export since 2006 due to this disease. A survey was conducted to asses the disease intensity and severity in southern Indian turmeric plantations. The results indicated that disease intensity was found to be high in Erode and Coimbatore followed by Dharmapuri districts. Five susceptible and seven tolerant cultivars were identified. The population density of T. atroviride was enumerated in turmeric soil samples and subsequently correlated with the soil nutrient factors. An attempt was made to evaluate the potential of suppressive activity of an indigenous isolate, Trichoderma atroviride against a turmeric fungal pathogen Pythium aphanidermatum. Dual culture studies, morphological interaction and antibiosis revealed that the antagonistic properties of the fungal antagonist on P. aphanidermatum. Interaction studies on the sterilized turmeric rhizomes further confirmed this and also revealed that T. atroviride was able to suppress the growth and reproduction of P. aphanidermatum as well.
P. Ponmurugan is currently heading the Department of Biotechnology at K. S. Rangasamy College of Technology, Tiruchengode, Namakkal District, Tamil Nadu, India. He has five funded projects at present in his hand for which financial assistance was obtained from different funding agencies in India. He has published around 85 papers in various national and International journals and 7 patents to his credits. He is a recipient of ?SERC FAST-TRACK Young Scientist Fellowship? offered by Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi.