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The Effects Of Different Chelants On The Solubility Of Heavy Metals In Contaminated Soil | 12226
Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
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Heavy metals contamination of soil is a widespread global problem.Chelantassisted phytoextraction has been proposed to
improve the efficiency of phytoextraction. To studythe effects of different chelants on the solubility of heavy metals, a batch
of soil incubation experiment was conducted. EDTA, EDDS, AE S, IDSA of 5 mmol.kg-1 were singly added to the contaminated
soil (2000 mg.kg-1Pb, 350 mg.kg-1Cu ,10 mg.kg-1Cd, 1500 mg.kg-1Zn) with no chelantaddition as control, five treatment together.
After 7days of incubation, the concentrations of water soluble Pb, Zn, Cu and Cd increased significantly compared to the control.
Pb was increased by 158.6, 3.9, 42.2 and 5.3 times respectively, Cu was increased by 45.0, 162.0, 40.0 and 53.6 times respectively,
Zn was increased by 6.2, 5.6, 9.4 and 1.5 times respectively, and Cd was increased by33.5, 3.3, 126.5 and 38.0 times respectively.
The results showed that EDDS was more effective for Cu desorption, EDTA was more effective for Pbdesorption, which was
inconsistent with other many reports. And AES was more effective for Zn and Cd desorption, IDSA was more effective for Cd
desorption, which was our interesting findings. With the time increasing, the soluble metals with EDTA treatment was increased,
while the soluble metals withEDDS, AES and IDSA treatments were decreased significantly. This phenomenamay be due to the
different chemical characteristics of the chelants. EDTA is a persistent chelant which can?t be degraded in the environment, while
EDDS, AES and IDSA arebiodegradable chelants. With the time increasing, EDDS, AES and IDSA were degraded and the metals
were absorbed to the bulk soil again resulting in water soluble metals reduced, which provides evidence of the biodegradable
property of EDDS, AES and IDSA.