alexa The Impact Of Opt-out Hiv Testing Among Hospitalized Patients On Number Of Cases Detected And Linkage To Care: A Systematic Review | 72513
ISSN: 2332-0877

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

6th Euro-Global Conference on Infectious Diseases

Isabelle Dominique Tomacruz, Carlo Miguel Berba, Lance Isidore Catedral and Regina Berba
University of the Philippines, Philippine
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Infect Dis Ther
DOI: 10.4172/2332-0877-C1-033
Abstract
Background: The WHO released a policy statement emphasizing the importance of increasing knowledge of HIV status in expanding treatment and care. Routine opt-out screening is one approach meant to remove barriers to HIV testing by informing all patients that an HIV test will be performed unless they decline testing. Objective: This study aims to describe the implementation of an opt-out HIV testing strategy in hospitals and report outcomes in terms of number of new HIV cases identified and linked to care. Methods: A systematic search through PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, Science Direct, JSTOR, and SCOPUS was done. Studies were included if they involved a routine opt-out HIV screening program that elaborated on the process of its implementation at a hospital, the number of HIV cases identified and linked to care. Studies and data involving pediatric populations, health care personnel alone, out- patient department setting, or known HIV status, were excluded. Results: Database search identified 564 studies and 16 studies met our inclusion criteria. Thirteen were situated in acute care units, two in the medical or surgical wards, and one in both acute care and general in patient units. Seven studies integrated their testing protocol to existing hospital pathways, and did not require more staff. Across all studies, the most common reason for eligible patients to decline testing was the perception that they were not at risk for HIV infection. The opt-out HIV testing strategy had an average acceptance rate of 60.5%, average new cases detected of 0.8%, 81.4% of which were linked to care. Conclusions: Opt-out HIV testing in the context of in-hospital care is found to be acceptable and feasible by several institutions worldwide. This strategy may result in a greater number of cases detected and earlier linkage to care. Further studies must be done, focusing on cost- effectiveness, and application in third-world or resource-limited contexts.
image PDF   |   image HTML
 

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

+1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
Leave Your Message 24x7