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The Influence Of IL-10 Gene Polymorphisms On The Susceptibility To Hepatitis B Virus Infection: A Metaanalysis | 51363
ISSN: 2332-0877

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
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The influence of IL-10 gene polymorphisms on the susceptibility to hepatitis B virus infection: A metaanalysis

3rd Euro-Global Conference on Infectious Diseases

Bita Moudi, Zahra Heidari, Hamidreza Mahmoudzadeh-Sagheb, Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam and Mehrnoosh Moudi

Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Iran Islamic Azad University, Iran

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Infect Dis Ther

DOI: 10.4172/2332-0877.C1.012

Abstract
Interleukin 10 (IL-10) is a cytokine with anti-inflammatory functions. The results of different studies vary in the roles of the IL-10 SNPs in the susceptibility to the hepatitis B virus infection. In particular, the -1082 A/G, -819 C/T and -592 A/C polymorphisms have most often been implicated. We have performed a meta-analysis including 31 case-control studies to summarize the data on the association between IL-10 SNPs and susceptibility to HBV infection. All the relevant studies in NCBI PubMed, EMBASE, Medline and Web of Science were searched and poor qualified studies were excluded. 31 studies were included. Data are presented as the odds ratio (OR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI). Investigation of heterogeneity among individual studies and the publication bias were also evaluated. This study revealed a significant association between the IL-10-89 C/T polymorphism and HBV infection susceptibility in the Asian population. Our results indicated that the presence of the IL-10 -819 C allele significantly increased the risk for persistent HBV infection. In our meta-analysis, sensitivity analysis showed that the combined result was not associated with the worldwide population. In contrast, the IL-10 -1082 A/G and -592 A/C polymorphisms were not associated with an increased susceptibility to HBV infection. Our meta-analysis supports the growing body of evidence that the presence of the IL-10-819 C/T SNP is associated with persistent HBV infection in Asians. In addition, IL-10-819 C/T polymorphism might be a risk factor for HBV in Asians but not in Europeans.
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