The Legal Protection Of Public And Private Plant Varieties In India: A Comparative Analysis | 12208
ISSN: 2155-952X

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
Open Access

Like us on:

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)
Recommended Conferences

6th International Conference on Vaccines and Immunology

Geneva, Switzerland

3rd European Congress on Virology

Geneva, Switzerland
Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 1600

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials received 1600 citations as per Google Scholar report

Indexed In
  • Index Copernicus
  • Google Scholar
  • Sherpa Romeo
  • Open J Gate
  • Genamics JournalSeek
  • Academic Keys
  • ResearchBible
  • China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)
  • Access to Global Online Research in Agriculture (AGORA)
  • Electronic Journals Library
  • RefSeek
  • Hamdard University
  • OCLC- WorldCat
  • SWB online catalog
  • Virtual Library of Biology (vifabio)
  • Publons
  • Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research
  • Euro Pub
Share This Page

The legal protection of public and private plant varieties in India: A comparative analysis

4th World Congress on Biotechnology

B. L. Manjunatha

Accepted Abstracts: J Biotechnol Biomater

DOI: 10.4172/2155-952X.S1.025

The enforcement and implementation of Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers? Rights Act, 2001 has influenced the seed industry in a big way in India. The Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers? Rights Authority has so far received 3984 applications for registration of plant varieties out of which 487 have been granted Certificates of Registration (CoR). It is interesting to note that farmers? varieties formed 29 percent of all the applications received. Crop-wise analysis of issue of CoR revealed that cereals, (such as maize, bread wheat, rice, pearl millet and sorghum) and cotton along with few pulses formed more than 90 percent of the varieties grantedCoR. Public sector contributed for 83 percent of the total CoR issued in all categories of varieties. But in case of new varieties the private sector dominated with a share of almost 90 percent. Two private seed companies namely, Monsanto India Limited and MAHYCO together contributed 16 new varieties out of total 34 new varieties grantedCoR. Maize and cotton together contributed for 66 percent of new varieties granted CoR. The widening gap between the public and private sector seed companies in the development of innovations (new varieties, hybrids and proprietary technologies) and getting plant variety protection is alarming. The public sector seed industry has to be revitalised to address the present day challenges of competitiveness in R&D, market access, and efficient technology transfer systems. India is the first country in the world to grant registration for farmers? varieties and this has implications for the developing countries to follow this unique model.