alexa The Use Of Silica Nano-particles And Microwave Irradiation In Dental PMMA Repairs: Experimental Investigation Into The Mechanical Properties And Dimensional Stability Of The Repaired PMMA After Aging
ISSN: 2155-952X

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
Open Access

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2nd Annual Conference and Expo on BIOMATERIALS
March 27-28, 2017 Madrid, Spain

Nour El Houda Kharbech
University of Monastir, Tunisia
ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Biotechnol Biomater
DOI: 10.4172/2155-952X.C1.073
Abstract
Statement of the Problem: Despite ceaseless evolutions in the dental practice, PMMA resin has managed to keep a prime position in the panoply of dental materials. Yet, this material is far from being perfect. Concerns are constantly reiterated throughout literature about its lack of mechanical resistance which results in frequent fracture and fatigue failures of dentures. This fracture creates inconvenience to both the patient and the dentist thus it could be considered as a failure of the executed treatment, in addition to further frequently unnoticed consequences regarding the incurred costs to the community of the dentures’ repair. Despite the wide range of solutions suggested to repair the damaged denture and to avoid its further fracture, a consensus seems not to be established yet. Recently, the use of microwave irradiation and nanofillers including silica nanoparticles with PMMA denture-resin has attracted researchers’ attention thus it showed encouraging results in different studies but their efficiency for repairs need to be further investigated. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: An in vitro study was carried out to investigate the flexural strength, fracture toughness and dimensional stability of 120 repaired PMMA samples after aging in artificial saliva. Autopolymerizing resin was used to repair them following four methods. For the first group, autopolymerizing resin was used alone. In the second, samples were post-treated with microwave irradiations. In the third, the autopolymerizing resin was filled with 2% nanosilica. For the fourth group, the second and the third approaches were combined. Findings: The investigated mechanical properties showed higher mean-values when silica nanoparticles and/or microwave irradiation were used compared to the repair with autopolymerizing resin alone. The dimensional variation rates were under 0.03% for all the groups. Conclusion & Significance: The combination of autopolymerizing resin filled with 2% silica nanoparticles and post polymerization treatment with microwave irradiation showed the highest mechanical properties without affecting the dimensional stability of the repaired samples.
Biography

Nour El Houda Kharbech is Young Researcher at the Faculty of Dental Medicine of Monastir in Tunisia. She is a Member of the Tunisian Association of Dental Researches and the Tunisian Red Crescent. She received a Doctoral degree in Dental Medicine from Dental Medicine Faculty in Monastir, Tunisia, recently. Her current field placement is with the Department of Biomaterial in Dental Medicine Faculty at the University of Monastir. She is interested in introduction of nanofillers in the dental field, behavior of PMMA resin under oral conditions, in vitro simulation of oral conditions and removable dental restorations’ problems caused by the material of fabrication.

Email: [email protected]

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