Brazil is the 5th largest country in the world. The word ‘brazil’ is said to have originated from brazilwood, red trees which grew plenty along the coast of the country. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. The major cities of the country include Sao Paulo, Brasilia, and Rio de Janeiro. The official language of the country is Portuguese. Football is the most famous sport in the country.
Brazil has the Atlantic Ocean on its east with a shoreline of about 7500 km. It shares its border with all the South American countries except Ecuador and Chile.
Brazil's economy is the world's ninth-largest by nominal GDP and seventh-largest by GDP (PPP) as of 2015. Brazil's national development bank plays an important role for the country's economic growth. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Unasul, Mercosul, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States, CPLP and the Latin Union. Brazil is a regional power in Latin America and a middle power in international affairs.
Technological research in Brazil is largely carried out in public universities and research institutes. Brazil's most esteemed technological hubs are the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, the Butantan Institute, the Air Force's Aerospace Technical Center, the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation and the INPE. Oncology institutes concentrate on developmrnt of drugs for cancer
The National Cancer Institute (INCA) plays a multiple role in all areas of cancer prevention and control in Brazil-prevention, epidemiological surveillance, treatment, information, education and research.