alexa A 20-Year-Old Woman with Stenosis and Dilations of the Biliary Tree | OMICS International
E-ISSN: 2314-7326
P-ISSN: 2314-7334
Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

A 20-Year-Old Woman with Stenosis and Dilations of the Biliary Tree

Irene Franceschet1, Nora Cazzagon1, Raffaella Motta2 and Annarosa Floreani1*
1Department of Surgery, Oncology and Gastroenterology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
2Department of Medicine, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
*Corresponding Author : Annarosa Floreani
Department of Surgery
Oncology and Gastroenterology
Padova, Italy
Tel: 390498212894
Fax: 390498760820
E-mail: [email protected]
Received October 01, 2015; Accepted January 02, 2016; Published January 07, 2016
Citation: Franceschet I, Cazzagon N, Motta R, Floreani A (2016) A 20-Year-Old Woman with Stenosis and Dilations of the Biliary Tree. J Neuroinfect Dis 7:196.doi:10.4172/2314-7326.1000196
Copyright: © 2016 Franceschet I, et al. This is an open-access article distributed nder the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases

Keywords
Primary sclerosing cholangitis; Magnetic resonance imaging
Case Report
A 20-year-old woman presented with epigastric pain and jaundice. Physical examination revealed mild icteric sclera and normal liver and spleen. Biochemical tests were as follows: normal blood count, alanine aminotransferase 191 U/l, gamma-glutamyltransferase 149 U/l, alkaline phosphatase 252 U/l, total bilirubin 5.6 mg/dl (5.0 conjugated), normal renal function tests. Viral markers for hepatitis A, B, C, Epstein Barr, HIV, CMV were negative, and the immunological profile was normal. She reported occasional alcohol consumption and sporadic cigarette smoking habits. She was not taking medication, but reported an assumption of Levonorgestrel (750 mcg) after a sexual intercourse 2 weeks before. Abdominal ultrasound showed dilatation of intrahepatic biliary ducts; a nuclear magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) showed enlarged liver with focal inflammatory areas, splenomegaly, intrahepatic biliary tree enlargement with irregular profiles and marked stenosis alternated to dilatations and cystis; the common hepatic duct was mild dilated without stenosis, compatible with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) (Figure 1). An inflammatory bowel disease was ruled out by a colonoscopy. The patient was treated with standard dose of ursodeoxycholic acid, followed by a gradual normalization of liver function tests. A MRC performed after 2 months revealed a normal biliary tree with disappearance of the biliary changes (Figure 2).
The total disappearance of the cholangiographic abnormalities suggests a secondary form of sclerosing cholangitis (SSC). SSC is a rare condition determined by a variety of causes including post-traumatic or surgery conditions, ischemia, cholelithiasis/choledocolithiasis, haematologic conditions (eosinophilic and mast-cell abnormalities), hepatic inflammatory pseudotumor, AIDS, infectious conditions (recurrent pyogenic cholangitis), infiltrative disorders, metastasis, congenital hepatic diseases [1]. Among the SSC only the eosinophilic cholangitis has been reported to have a complete regression of the biliary abnormalities, particularly after steroid treatment [2].
The unique risk factor for hepatic damage in the patient was the consumption of Levonorgestrel. Drug-induced liver injury may be characterized by a cholestatic pattern with biochemical alterations in absence of morphological abnormalities of the biliary tree. Recently, 8 cases of drug-induced liver disease with biliary abnormalities at the MRC have been reported [3].
Anecdotal cases of low dose levonorgestrel/ethinylestradiol hepatotoxicity have been reported in young females taking pill as anti-contraceptive [4,5]. In these cases liver biopsy showed sinusoidal dilatation or focal necrosis in peri- and centrolobular area, and liver damage resolved after pill discontinuation. In 2 cases endoscopic retrograde cholangiogram showed normal biliary tree.
These evidences suggest a possible role of emergency contraception with Levonorgestrel in cholestatic liver injury. Usually a cholestatic toxicity due to a drug-induced liver injury is characterized by biochemical alterations in absence of morphological abnormalities. Our case report is relevant because for the first time we pinpointed the link between Levonorgestrel and biliary tree alterations which had a complete regression after the drug discontinuation.
References

Figures at a glance

Figure Figure
Figure 1 Figure 2
Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Relevant Topics

Recommended Conferences

Article Usage

  • Total views: 8208
  • [From(publication date):
    March-2016 - Apr 25, 2018]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 8060
  • PDF downloads : 148
 

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version