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Neuro ophthalmology is the specialty that deals with ophthalmic diseases with neurological problems and various optic nerve disorders. Like we all know, the human eye captures the visuals it sees and transmits to the brain to be resolved as images
It is the optic nerve that transmits these visual stimuli and a dysfunction of this entity might cause visual impairment and could even lead to irreparable damage. Although each of them attacks the optic nerve in a different way, the final outcome is eventually the death of the optic nerve, if left untreated.
Common pathology referred to a neuro-ophthalmologist includes afferent visual system disorders (e.g. optic neuritis, optic neuropathy, papilledema, brain tumors or strokes) and efferent visual system disorders (e.g. anisocoria, diplopia, ophthalmoplegia, ptosis, nystagmus, and blepharospasm, seizures of the eye or eye muscles and hemifacial spasm).
This is a condition that involves inflammation of the optic nerve. An inflammation could occur due to various reasons – starting from an infection to an autoimmune disorder.
In this case, the optic disc (the circular area where the optic nerve connects to the retina, at the back of the eye , swells up due to an excessive pressure from inside the skull may be due to a tumor for instance.
This is any abnormal contraction or twitch of the eyelid. In most cases, symptoms last for a few days then disappear without treatment, but in some cases, the twitching is chronic and persistent, causing lifelong challenges.
This refers to weakness (-paresis) or paralysis (-plegia) of one or more extra ocular muscles which are responsible for eye movements. It is a physical finding in certain neurologic, ophthalmologic, and endocrine disease.
Bell’s palsy is a disorder of the facial nerve, specifically the seventh cranial nerve. This condition causes partial paralysis on one side of the face, affecting the muscles of facial expression.
This is also called as lazy eye, is a drooping or falling of the upper eyelid. The drooping may be worse after being awake longer when the individual's muscles are tired.
Nystagmus is a condition of involuntary eye movement, acquired in infancy or later in life, that may result in reduced or limited vision. Due to the involuntary movement of the eye, it has been called "dancing eyes".
Hemifacial spasm: Hemifacial fit (HFS) is portrayed by automatic one-sided contractions of the muscles innervated by the ipsilateral facial nerve, normally beginning around the eyes before advancing poorly to the cheek, mouth, and neck.
It is a condition characterized by an unequal size of the eyes' pupils. Affecting 20% of the population, it can be an entirely harmless condition or a symptom of more serious medical problems.
It is commonly known as double vision, is the simultaneous perception of two images of a single object that may be displaced horizontally, vertically, diagonally or rotationally in relation to each other. It is usually the result of impaired function of the extra ocular muscles (EOMs), where both eyes are still functional but they cannot turn to target the desired object
This also called temporal arteritis, is an inflammatory disease of bloodvessels. The inflammation may affect blood supply to the eye; blurred vision or sudden blindness may occur. In 76% of cases involving the eye, the ophthalamic artery is involved causing arteritic anterior ischemic neuropathy.
In this, the optic nerve is damaged due to the excessive blood sugar or diabetes. As the disease progresses, the blood supply to the retina gets cut-off, leading to vision loss.
Here the damage to the optic nerve is caused by certain toxic substances found in tobacco & alcohol. This could also occur due to lack of nutrients and deficiency of vitamin B-complex and folic acid.
Ischemic optic neuropathy is dead tissue of the optic disk. The main steady indication is easy vision misfortune. Investigation is clinical. Treatment is inadequate. Two assortments of optic nerve localized necrosis exist: nonarteritic and arteritic.
Journal of neuro ophthalmology is an Open access journal which encompasses publishing of scholarly journals in medical spectrum of neuro ophthalmology and keeps pace with important advances in all spheres of the neurologic and ophthalmologic sciences.
It aims at publishing original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc., with in the discipline and making them open access without any restrictions or subscriptions to researchers worldwide.
Journal of neuro ophthalmology takes immense pride in providing the authors with an efficient publishing process. The Journal strictly adheres to standard peer review process before accepting any citable manuscript for publication. It uses an Editorial Manager System to provide quality in review process.
The submitted articles are peer reviewed by the editorial board members of Journal or outside experts; At least two independent reviewers approval, followed by editor approval is required for acceptance of any citable manuscript.
Authors may submit manuscripts and track their progress through the EM system, hopefully to publication. Reviewers can download manuscripts and submit their opinions to the editor. Editors manage the whole submission/review/revise/publish process.
Submit manuscript at https://www.editorialmanager.com/scholarlyjournals/ or send as an e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at [email protected]