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Journal of neuro ophthalmology is an Open access journal which encompasses publishing of scholarly journals in medical spectrum of neuro ophthalmology and keeps pace with important advances in all spheres of the neurologic and ophthalmologic sciences.It aims at publishing original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc., with in the discipline and making them open access without any restrictions or subscriptions to researchers worldwide.Journal of neuro ophthalmology takes immense pride in providing the authors with an efficient publishing process. The Journal strictly adheres to standard peer review process before accepting any citable manuscript for publication. It uses an Editorial Manager System to provide quality in review process. The submitted articles are peer reviewed by the editorial board members of Journal or outside experts; At least two independent reviewers approval, followed by editor approval is required for acceptance of any citable manuscript.
Neuro ophthalmology is the specialty that deals with ophthalmic diseases with neurological problems and various optic nerve disorders. Like we all know, the human eye captures the visuals it sees and transmits to the brain to be resolved as images. It is the optic nerve that transmits these visual stimuli and a dysfunction of this entity might cause visual impairment and could even lead to irreparable damage. Although each of them attacks the optic nerve in a different way, the final outcome is eventually the death of the optic nerve, if left untreated. Common pathology referred to a neuro-ophthalmologist includes afferent visual system disorders (e.g. optic neuritis, optic neuropathy, papilledema, brain tumors or strokes) and efferent visual system disorders (e.g. anisocoria, diplopia, ophthalmoplegia, ptosis, nystagmus, and blepharospasm, seizures of the eye or eye muscles and hemifacial spasm).
The visual system is the part of the central nervous system which gives organisms the ability to process visual detail, as well as enabling the formation of several non-image photo response functions. It detects and interprets information from visible light to build a representation of the surrounding environment. The afferent visual system includes the retina, optic nerve, optic tract, optic chiasm, and retrochias-mal pathways, including the optic radiations and the cortical/higher cognitive areas of visual representation. The efferent visual system, which will be the focus of the next manual, encompasses the pupil as well as the mechanism of ocular motility and cranial nerves involved in eyelid function.
Experimental Ophthalmology is branch of medicine which deals with detection and treatment of eye diseases. It is the laboratory research involving eye disorders, vision, medical, surgical and optical care. It involves study of ocular tissues and cells as well as developmental biology, genetics, cell biology and microbiology of eye as well as ocular diseases.
Related Journals of Experimental Ophthalmology
Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology,International Journal of Ophthalmic Pathology, Optometry: Open Access, Glaucoma: Open Access, Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology,Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology, Journal of Ophthalmology, Ophthalmic Research, Open Ophthalmology Journal.
Clinical Ophthalmology is the branch of medical research dealing with eye physiology, eye diseases and treatment modalities. Clinical ophthalmology perform diagnose and operates on eyes, by clinical techniques a multitude of diseases and conditions can be diagnosed from the eye.
Related Journals of Clinical Ophthalmology
Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology, International Journal of Ophthalmic Pathology, Optometry: Open Access, Glaucoma: Open Access, Journal of Clinical Ophthalmology, Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology, Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology, Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology.
Primary eye care (PEC) is a broad concept, encompassing the prevention of potentially blinding eye diseases through primary health care (PHC). PEC includes the identification, with treatment or referral, of individuals with treatable causes of blindness; and the diagnosis and treatment of common eye diseases, particularly those causing an acute red eye.
Related Journals of Primary & Secondary Eye care
Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology, International Journal of Ophthalmic Pathology, Optometry: Open Access, Glaucoma: Open Access, Community Eye Health Journal, Eye, Oman Journal of Ophthalmology, GMS Ophthalmology Cases.
Ophthalmic Research is a branch of ophthalmic sciences that deals with the eye anatomy, physiology and eye disorders. The research mainly focuses on medical and surgical techniques and treatments involved in the management of eye diseases.
Related Journals of Ophthalmic Research
Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology, International Journal of Ophthalmic Pathology, Optometry: Open Access, Glaucoma: Open Access, Ophthalmology, British Journal of Ophthalmology, Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology, Clinical Ophthalmology, Expert Review of Ophthalmology.
Paediatric ophthalmology focus on the development of the visual system and the various diseases that disrupt visual development in children and also have expertise in managing the various ocular diseases, eye surgery as well as to manage children's eye problems using glasses and medications. In addition to children with obvious vision problems, children with head turns, head tilts, squinting of the eyes, or preferred head postures (torticollis) are typically referred to a paediatric ophthalmologist for evaluation.
Related Journals of Pediatric Ophthalmology
Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology, Archives of Ophthalmolgy, International Journal of Ophthalmic Pathology, Optometry: Open Access, Glaucoma: Open Access, Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, bJournal of Pediatrics, Ophthalmic Genetics Journal, Strabismus.
Ocular Oncology is the branch of cancer dealing with eye tumors, ocular melanomas, eyelid cancers etc. It refers to the study of cancerous growth in any part of the eye. Ocular oncology considerably deals with the patient’s requirement for tumor removal, vision improvement. Treatment of ocular tumors is a multi-specialty effort involving ophthalmologists, ocular oncologists and a multidisciplinary team of support staff and nurses.
Related Journals of Ocular Oncology
Opthalmology journals list: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology, International Journal of Ophthalmic Pathology, Optometry: Open Access, Glaucoma: Open Access, Ocular Oncology and Pathology, Ocular Oncology Journals, International Journal of Ophthalmic Pathology, Journal of Ophthalmology and Ophthalmic Surgery.
Ophthalmoscopy, also called funduscopy, is a test that allows a health professional to see inside the fundus of the eye and other structures using an ophthalmoscope (or funduscope). It is done as part of an eye examination and may be done as part of a routine physical examination. It is crucial in determining the health of the retina, optic disc andvitreous humor.
Related Journals of Ophthalmoscopy
Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology, International Journal of Ophthalmic Pathology, Optometry: Open Access, Glaucoma: Open Access, Journal of Ophthalmology, American Journal of Ophthalmology, British Journal of Ophthalmology, European Journal of Ophthalmology, Reviews of Ophthalmology.
Ophthalmic photography is a highly specialized form of medical imaging dedicated to the study and treatment of disorders of the eye. It covers a very broad scope of photographic services incorporating many aspects of commercial and medical photography. But it is through the use of highly specialized equipment used to document parts of the eye like the cornea, iris, and retina, that ophthalmic photography takes on it's true identity.
Related Journals of Ophthalmic imaging
Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology, International Journal of Ophthalmic Pathology, Optometry: Open Access, Glaucoma: Open Access, The Journal of Ophthalmic Photography, VisionScience: Journals, Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging, translational vision science and technology.
Optic neuritis is a demyelinating inflammation of the Optic nerve. It is also known as optic papillitis (when the head of the optic nerve is involved) and retrobulbar neuritis(when the posterior part of the nerve is involved). It is most often associated with multiple sclerosis, and it may lead to complete or partial loss of vision in one or both eyes. Partial, transient vision loss (lasting less than one hour) can be an indication of early onset multiple sclerosis. Other possible diagnoses include: diabetes milletus, low phosphorus levels or hyperkalemia.
Papilledema (or papilloedema) is optic disc swelling that is caused by increased intracranial pressure due to any cause. The swelling is usually bilateral and can occur over a period of hours to weeks. Unilateral presentation is extremely rare. In the early stages, papilledema may be asymptomatic or present with a headache. It can progress to enlargement of the blind spot, blurring of vision, visual obscurations (inability to see in a particular part of the visual field for a period of time). Ultimately, total loss of vision can occur.
Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology,Americam Journal of Neuro Ophthalmology, The journal of emergency medicine, Frontiers in Neurology, Neuro-Ophthalmology:Informa Healthcare, International Journal of Ophthalmic Pathology, JAMA Ophthalmology.
Blepharospasm is any abnormal contraction or twitch of the eyelid. In most cases, symptoms last for a few days then disappear without treatment, but in some cases, the twitching is chronic and persistent, causing life-long challenges. In those cases, the symptoms are often severe enough to result in functional blindness. The person's eyelids feel like they are clamping shut and will not open without great effort. People have normal eyes, but for periods of time are effectively blind due to their inability to open their eyelids. In contrast, the reflex blepharospasm is due to any pain in and around the eye.
Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology, International Ophtalmology clinics, American Journal of Ophthalmology, Frontiers in Neurology, Journal of clinical neuro-ophthalmology, Neuro-Ophthalmology:Informa Healthcare
Ophthalmoparesis or ophthalmoplegia refers to weakness (-paresis) or paralysis (-plegia) of one or more extra ocular muscles which are responsible for eye movements. It is a physical finding in certain neurologic, ophthalmologic, and endocrine disease. Internal ophthalmoplegia means involvement limited to the pupillary sphincter and ciliary muscle. External ophthalmoplegia refers to involvement of only the extraocular muscles. Complete ophthalmoplegia indicates involvement of both.
British jounal of Ophthalmolgy, Journal of Neuro Ophthalmology, American Journal of Ophthalmology, JAMA Neurology
Bell's palsy is a type of facial paralysis that results in an inability to control the facial muscles on the affected side. Symptoms can vary from mild to severe. They may include muscle twitching, weakness, or total loss of the ability to move one or rarely both sides of the faceOther symptoms includedrooping of the eyelid, a change in taste, pain around the ear, and increased sensitivity to sound. Typically symptoms come on over 48 hours.
Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology, International Ophtalmology clinics, Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology, American Journal of Ophthalmology , JAMA Neurology
Ptosis is a drooping or falling of the upper eyelid. The drooping may be worse after being awake longer when the individual's muscles are tired. This condition is sometimes called "lazy eye", but that term normally refers to the condition ambylopia. If severe enough and left untreated, the drooping eyelid can cause other conditions, such as amblyopia or astigmatism. This is why it is especially important for this disorder to be treated in children at a young age, before it can interfere with vision development.
Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology, International Journal of Ophthalmic Pathology, Optometry: Open Access, Glaucoma: Open Access, International Journal of Ophthalmic Pathology, Optometry: Open Access, Journal-Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases, Journal of Eye Diseases, Current Eye Research, Ophthalmic Epidemiology.
Nystagmus is a condition of involuntary (or voluntary, in rare cases) eye movement, acquired in infancy or later in life, that may result in reduced or limited vision. Due to the involuntary movement of the eye, it has been called "dancing eyes". Nystagmus also occurs when the semicircular canals are being stimulated while the head is not in motion. The direction of ocular movement is related to the semicircular canal that is being stimulated.
Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology, International Journal of Ophthalmic Pathology, Optometry: Open Access, Glaucoma: Open Access, Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection, Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology, Clinical Ophthalmology
Hemifacial spasm: Hemifacial fit (HFS) is portrayed by automatic one-sided contractions of the muscles innervated by the ipsilateral facial nerve, normally beginning around the eyes before advancing poorly to the cheek, mouth, and neck.Hemifacial spasm can be caused by injury to the facial nerve, a tumor or blood vessel compressing the nerve, or Bell's palsy. The most common cause is compression of your facial nerve by the anterior inferior cerebellar artery where the nerve begins at your brainstem.
It is a condition characterized by an unequal size of the eyes' pupils. Affecting 20% of the population, it can be an entirely harmless condition or a symptom of more serious medical problems. Sometimes, though, having uneven pupil size can be a symptom of a serious eye problem. People who may get anisocoria include those who have:
It is commonly known as double vision, is the simultaneous perception of two images of a single object that may be displaced horizontally, vertically, diagonally or rotationally in relation to each other. It is usually the result of impaired function of the extra ocular muscles (EOMs), where both eyes are still functional but they cannot turn to target the desired object
This also called temporal arteritis, is an inflammatory disease of bloodvessels. The inflammation may affect blood supply to the eye; blurred vision or sudden blindness may occur. In 76% of cases involving the eye, the ophthalamic artery is involved causing arteritic anterior ischemic neuropathy.
Diabetic neuropathies are nerve damaging disorders associated with diabetes milletus. These conditions are thought to result from a diabetic microvascular injury involving smallbloodvessels that supply nerves in addition to macrovascular conditions that can accumulate in diabetic neuropathy. Relatively common conditions which may be associated with diabetic neuropathy include third, fourth or sixth cranial nerve palsy
Nutritional optic neuropathy is a group of medical disorders defined by visual impairment due tooptic nerve damage secondary to a toxic substance and/or nutritional deficiency. The causes of these disorders are various, but they are linked by shared signs and symptoms, which this article will describe. In several of these disorders, both toxic and nutritional factors play a role, acting synergistically. symptoms include Vision loss in toxic and nutritional optic neuropathy is bilateral, symmetric, painless, gradual, and progressive. Dyschromatopsia, a change in color vision, is often the first symptom. Some patients notice that certain colors, particularly red, are less bright or vivid; others have a general loss of color perception. Loss of visual acuity may start with a blur or haze at the point of fixation, followed by a progressive decline.
Ischemic optic neuropathy is a medical condition involving loss of vision caused by damage to the optic nerveas a result of insufficient blood supply (ischemia). This form of ischemic optic neuropathy is generally categorized as two types: areteritic AION(or AAION), in which the loss of vision is the result of an inflammtory disease of arteries in the head called temporal arteritis, and non-arteritic AION (abbreviated as NAION, or sometimes simply as AION), which is due to non-inflammatory disease of small blood vessels