Aerobic Physical Training On The Pulmonary Function Of Men With Coronary Arterial Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial
|Taís Mendes de Camargo1, Ester da Silva2, Vandeni Clarice Kunz2,3, Marcelo de Castro Cesar1 and Marlene Aparecida Moreno1*|
|1College of Health Science, Methodist University of Piracicaba/SP, Brazil|
|2Physical Therapy Department, Federal University of São Carlos/SP, Brazil|
|3Adventist University Center of São Paulo, Engenheiro Coelho/SP, Brazil|
|*Corresponding Author :||Marlene Aparecida Moreno, Ph.D.
Postgraduate program in Physical Therapy
College of Health Science, Methodist University of Piracicaba
Rodovia do Açúcar, km 156, Taquaral
13.400-901, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
Tel: 55 19 31241558
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received August 26, 2013; Accepted January 03, 2014; Published January 08, 2014|
|Citation: de Camargo TM, da Silva E, Kunz VC, de Castro Cesar M, Moreno MA. (2014) Aerobic Physical Training On The Pulmonary Function Of Men With Coronary Arterial Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Biochem Physiol 3:122. doi:10.4172/2168-9652.1000122|
|Copyright: © 2014 de Camargo TM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Objective: to evaluate the pulmonary function of patients with coronary arterial disease (CAD) before and after exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program with emphasis on aerobic physical training. Methods: 19 men with CAD, divided in trained group TG (n=10) and control group CG (n=9) were studied. Forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) were carried out at 2 points for both groups: at the beginning and finale of the experimental protocol to evaluate and to compare the CG and TG. The CG participated in the evaluations only and is not subjected to any intervention, and the TG was submitted to 48 supervised aerobic physical training sessions to verify the effects of physical training on pulmonary function. Results: At the beginning of the study all the patients showed low values for FVC and FEV1 in relation to what was expected (CG: 72.2 ± 9.1% and 72.4 ± 16.3%, respectively; TG: 77.5 ± 12.1% and 75.2 ± 13.6%, respectively). After the training period, the CG values did not show any significant changes in comparison to the pre-training conditions for FVC (76.1 ± 11.5%) and FEV1 (75.4 ± 17.2%). In the TG there was a significant increase in both FVC (86.1 ± 12.1%) and FEV1 (86.0 ± 15.3%). Conclusion: There was a significant increase in FVC and FEV1 values in the TG patients after four months of participation in exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program, and this fact suggests beneficial effects of aerobic exercise on the pulmonary function of patients with CAD.