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Emergency psychiatry is the medical specialty which diagnose, prevent, analyse, and treat mental disorders patients. These include various abnormalities related to mood, behaviour, cognition, and perceptions. Initial psychiatric assessment of a person typically begins with a case history and mental status examination. Physical examinations and psychological tests are mainly conducted. Neuroimaging and other neurophysiological techniques are generally used. Mental disorder patients are diagnosed in accordance with criteria listed in diagnostic manual like Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders by the American Psychiatric Association and the International Classification of Diseases which is commonly used by the World Health Organization. The fifth edition of the DSM (DSM-5) was started in 2013, and its development was expected to be of significant interest to many medical fields.
The Journal of Biological and Medical Sciences is an internationally acclaimed open access peer-reviewed journal that encourages interdisciplinary debate on the plant, animal, human and microbial sciences in relation with other pure and applied sciences like physics, chemistry, statistics, informatics, and numerical sciences.
The Journal of Biological and Medical Sciences closely observes the evolutionary changes taking place in the plant, animal and human biology in the light of anthropogenic stimulated climate change and offer solutions by including vast spectrum of topics under field by including topics on Emergency psychiatry, Animal Biodiversity, Aquatic biology, Behavior, Plant Biology, Ecological Science, Evolution, Human physiology, Integrative biology, Molecular ecology, Organism Interactions, Orthinology, Phylogenetics, Zoology, Ornithology, Invertebrate Biology, Evolutionary Biology, Entomology, Ecology, Ethology, Cell Biology, Molecular Analyses, Taxonomists, Bioacoustic, Integrative Biology, Agroecosystems, Statistical Biology, Computational Biology, Numerical Biology, Environmental Biology, Biophysical Chemistry, Nano Biology, Biosciences, Biological and Medical Research.
The Journal of Biological and Medical Sciences invite original submissions in the form of research articles, review articles, case reports, short communication, opinion articles and commentaries. Prominent Editorial board members subject the manuscripts through rigorous review process and the journal ensures optimum time in offering efficient review process to enrich the manuscript for publication.
OMICS International is publishing 700+ open access journals with the support of about 25000 editorial board members. Journal of Biological and Medical Sciences is one among the scholarly publishing journals. OMICS International is also pioneer and leading scientific event organizer, conducting 100 International Scientific Conferences per year worldwide and has already signed 100 scientific Associations to make health care and scientific information open access.
Zoology is a branch of biology that deals with animal kingdom, with their functional roles in fields such as evolution, physiology, behavior, and population and community ecology. Modern zoology first arose in German and British universities. Thomas Henry Huxley who has a prominent figure has given his ideas which has centered on morphology of animals. Gradually zoology expanded beyond Huxley's comparative anatomy to include Zoography, Comparative anatomy, Animal physiology, Behavioral ecology, Invertebrate zoology, Vertebrate zoology, Soil zoology and related fields like Evolutionary biology, Molecular biology, Palaeontology, Systematics, cladistics, phylogenetics, phytogeography, biogeography and taxonomy.
Behavioral ecology relate with the way that the ecological, environmental, developmental, genetic, and social context influences the way that individuals respond to stimuli and the way of behavioral responses finally affect organismal fitness. Behavioral ecologists used to determine the effects of variations in behaviour by using both laboratory and field based techniques. It requires knowledge of the natural ecological and social context of behaviour. Behavioral ecology also has a long tradition of using mathematical models to estimate the fitness effects of differences in behavior. It’s having divorce topics like including behaviour response caused by climatic change and studies of energy use, dynamic energy budgets, and optimal control models.
Microbes are plentiful organisms in our planet such as bacteria, archaea, protists which represent “The invisible presence” and are found in most terrestrial and aquatic systems. Individual microbes live and interact on spatial scales equal to one-billionth of a meter. Microbial ecologists study the ecological, biogeochemical and evolutionary processes associated with microbes in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
Evolutionary physiology is the study of origins and evolution of function, the centre focus is how organism works and typically integrates levels of organization spanning molecules, organelles, cells, tissues and organs to whole organisms.
Botany is the study of plants which include algae, fungi, lichens, mosses, ferns, conifers and flowering plants. Progressively most worldly wise scientific technology has supported the development of contemporary botanical offshoots in the plant sciences, ranging from the applied fields of agriculture, horticulture and forestry detailed examination of the structure and function of plants and their interaction with the environment over many scales from the large-scale global significance of vegetation and plant communities (biogeography and ecology) through to the small scale of subjects like cell theory, molecular biology and plant biochemistry.
Ecological Science or Ecology is the scientific analysis and study of interactions among organisms and their environment. It is an interdisciplinary field that includes biology, geography, and Earth science. Ecology includes the study of interactions organisms have with each other, other organisms, and with abiotic components of their environment.
Evolution is change in the heritable traits of biological populations over successive generations. Evolutionary processes give rise to diversity at every level of biological organisation, including the levels of species, individual organisms, and molecules. Evolutionary biology has made a significant impact that includes biological anthropology, and evolutionary psychology.
Phylogenetics is the study of the evolutionary history and relationships among individuals or groups of organisms. These relationships are discovered through phylogenetic inference methods that evaluate observed heritable traits, such as DNA sequences or morphology under a model of evolution of these traits. Phylogenetic analyses have become central to understanding biodiversity, evolution, ecology, and genomes.
Human Physiology is the scientific study of the normal function in living systems. Its focus is in how organisms, organ systems, organs, cells, and biomolecules carry out the chemical or physical functions that exist in a living system.
Organism Interactions Organisms within an ecosystem interact with one another in many different ways. These interactions play an important role in the survival of the organisms and the function of the ecosystem. Organisms can affect one another directly, through a shared resource, or through common enemies. Some interactions are harmful to the organisms involved, whereas others provide benefits for one or both of the organisms.
Molecular ecology is a branch of biology that uses techniques and knowledge from several specific fields, all relating to genetics, to study ecology and how genetics and species development are influenced by ecological factors. The focus for these studies is generally regarded as being on field studies rather than pure laboratory research. Molecular ecologists study the development of and genetic relationships between species and how environmental factors can influence them.
Integrative biology or Cell biology is a branch of biology that studies cells – their physiological properties, their structure, the organelles they contain, interactions with their environment, their life cycle, division, death and cell function. Research in cell biology is closely related to genetics, biochemistry, molecular biology and immunology.
Aquatic biology is one who deals with biology and ecology of organisms living in freshwater systems such as streams and lakes to estuarine, coastal and open ocean ecosystems. Aquatic biology includes biological oceanography, limnology and marine biology. Career options of aquatic biology is possibly the biologist may start their career by registering into pre-biology major and courses like physics, maths, chemistry and biology with complete lab. Aquatic biologist may work in numerous sectors like government, environmental societies and work in scientific laboratories as a lab scientist.
Orthinology is the branch of zoology which study about behaviour and physiology of birds and their habitats. The work involves reporting of bird’s activity. They may work as wildlife biologists, ecologists, land managers, teachers, researchers, environmental educators, legislative advocates, or eco-tour guides. Economic ornithology aim to reduce the ill effects of problem birds and improves the value of gains from beneficial species.
Animal Biodiversity or Herpetology is a branch of zoology which deals with reptiles and amphibians. Herpetology is concerned with poikilothermic, ectothermic tetrapods. Amphibians are often sensitive to environmental changes. Some amphibians and reptiles which produce toxins and venoms are useful for the human medicine. Some snake venom is used as anticoagulant which is used for the treatment of heart stroke.