alexa In Vivo Safety of Aqueous Leaf Extract of Lippia javanica in Mice Models
ISSN: 2168-9652

Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access
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Research Article

In Vivo Safety of Aqueous Leaf Extract of Lippia javanica in Mice Models

Arika WM1*, Ogola PE1, Abdirahman YA1, Mawia AM1, Wambua FK1, Nyamai DW1, Kiboi NG1, Wambani JR1, Njagi SM1, Rachuonyo HO1, Muchori AN1, Lagat RC1, Agyirifo DS1,2, Ngugi MP1 and Njagi ENM1
1Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, School of Pure and Applied Sciences, Kenyatta University, P.O. Box 43844-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
2Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Cape Coast, Ghana
Corresponding Author : Arika WM
Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Kenyatta University
P.O. Box 43844-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: +254722863595/+254722873150
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: November 13, 2015; Accepted: December 10, 2015; Published: January 03, 2016
Citation: Arika WM, Ogola PE, Abdirahman YA, Mawia AM, Wambua FK, et al. (2016) In Vivo Safety of Aqueous Leaf Extract of Lippia javanica in Mice Models. Biochem Physiol 5:191. doi:10.4172/2168-9652.1000191
Copyright: © 2016 Arika WM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Rural dwellers in Kenya often resort to herbal remedy and dietary control in the treatment of several diseases including diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension, cancer and cardiac diseases. The therapeutic applications of such plants has largely rested upon their long-term clinical experience, however, their safety profiles has not been well evaluated. The present study aimed at determining the in vivo toxic effects of orally and intraperitoneally administering Lippia javanica leaf extract at dosage levels of 450 mg/kgbwt, 670 mg/kgbwt and 1000 mg/kgbwt daily for 28 days on the body and organ weights, hematological indices and biochemical parameters in normal male swiss white albino mice. During this period, the mice were allowed free access to mice pellets and water ad libitum and observed for signs of general illness, change in behavior and mortality. Phytochemical composition was assessed using standard procedures. The oral and intraperitoneal administration of 450 mg/kgbwt, 670 mg/kgbwt and1000 mg/kg body weight of the extract decreased the body weight gain and altered the organ to body weight percentage of the brain, kidney, liver, heart, testes and lungs. Oral and intraperitoneal administration of the same doses caused a change in levels of RBC, WBC, Hb, PCV, PLT, MPV, MCV, MCH, MCHC, neutrophils, lymphocytes, eosinophils, basophils, monocytes and biochemical parameters: AST, ALP, ALT, GGT, CK, α-AMYL, LDH, T-BIL, D-BIL, I-BIL, TG, TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, BUN, UA, Urea and Creatinine. The extracts contained alkaloids, sterols, terpenoids, flavonoids, tannins and saponins.

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