Resiliency Factors Among Police Officers: Post Hurricane Katrina | 27928
International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience
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Following Hurricane Katrina, police officers in the New Orleans geographic area faced a number of challenges. This crosssectional
study was designed to examine the association between the positive factors of resiliency, satisfaction with life,
gratitude, and post-traumatic growth with symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder in 84 male and 30 female police officers
from the New Orleans area. Resiliency factors were measured using the Connor-Davidson resiliency scale, satisfaction with
life scale, the gratitude questionnaire, and the posttraumatic growth inventory. Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder
were measured using the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist-Civilian (PCL-C). Potential associations were measured
using linear regression and analysis of variance. Models were adjusted for age, sex, race, and alcohol. Mean PCL-C scores were
29.5±14.5 for females and 27.8±12.1 for males. Adjusted mean levels of PCL-C score significantly decreased as quartiles of
resiliency (p<0.001), satisfaction with life (p<0.001), and gratitude (p<0.001) increased. This relationship was of borderline
significance for post-traumatic growth (p=0.06). These results indicate that positive factors such as resiliency, satisfaction with
life, and gratitude may help to mitigate symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. To further explore these relationships,
longitudinal follow-up in a larger population would be of interest.
John M Violanti, PhD, is a Full Research Professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, School of Public Health and Health Professions,
University at Buffalo and a member of the University at Buffalo graduate faculty. His research has focused on a number of topics including assessment of
psychological and biological indicators of chronic police stress; subclinical cardiovascular and metabolic disease in police; PTSD, shift work and health, and the
epidemiology of police suicide.
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