Baylisascaris Procyonis Induced Diffuse Unilateral Subacute Neuroretinitis in New York City | OMICS International | Abstract
E-ISSN: 2314-7326
P-ISSN: 2314-7334

Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases
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Case Report

Baylisascaris Procyonis Induced Diffuse Unilateral Subacute Neuroretinitis in New York City

Norman A. Saffra1*, Jason E. Perlman2, Rajen U. Desai1, Kevin R. Kazacos3, Christina M. Coyle4, Fabiana S. Machado5, Sanjay R. Kedhar6, Michael Engelbert6,7, and Herbert B. Tanowitz4

1Division of Ophthalmology, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA

2Department of Pediatrics, Maimonides Infants and Children’s Hospital of Brooklyn, Brooklyn, NY, USA

3Department of Comparative Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

4Departments of Pathology and Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Diagnostic Parasitology Laboratory and Parasitology Clinic, Jacobi Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USA

5Department of Biochemistry and Immunology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

6New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, New York, NY, USA

7Department of Ophthalmology, Harkness Eye Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Norman A. Saffra
Division of Ophthalmology
Maimonides Medical Center
Brooklyn, NY
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: 8 April 2010; Accepted date: 15 April 2010


Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis (DUSN) secondary to raccoon roundworm (Baylisascaris procyonis) infection has been reported in rural and suburban areas of North America and Europe with extant raccoon populations. Here, we present a case of Baylisascaris-induced DUSN from the densely populated borough of Brooklyn in New York City and alert urban ophthalmologists to consider this etiology even in areas not typically thought to be associated with endemic risk factors. Infected raccoons also occur in urban settings, and urban patients may be exposed in surrounding areas. Most patients with Baylisascaris ocular larva migrans-DUSN will not have concomitant neurologic disease; this fact and larval neurotropism are both misconceptions regarding this infection.