alexa Epidemiological and Evolutionary Aspects of Streptococcus pneumoniae Meningitis in Burkina Faso
E-ISSN: 2314-7326
P-ISSN: 2314-7334

Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases
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Research Article

Epidemiological and Evolutionary Aspects of Streptococcus pneumoniae Meningitis in Burkina Faso

Savadogo Mamoudou1*, Napon Christian2, Boushab Mohamed Boushab3, Zaongo Abraham1 and Kyéleme Nicole1
1Department of Infectious Diseases at Chu-Yo, Burkina Faso
2Department of Neurology at Chu-Yo, Burkina Faso
3Department of Internal Medicine at Aioun Hospital Center, Mauritania
*Corresponding Author : Dr. Savadogo Mamoudou
Department of Infectious Diseases
Hospital Center University Yalgado Ouedraogo, Burkina Faso
Tel: 70259154
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: Feb 06, 2016 Accepted: Mar 04, 2016 Published: Mar 06, 2016
Citation: Mamoudou S, Christian N, Boushab BM, Abraham Z, Nicole K (2016) Epidemiological and Evolutionary Aspects of Streptococcus pneumoniae Meningitis in Burkina Faso. J Neuroinfect Dis 7:206. doi:10.4172/2314-7326.1000206
Copyright: © 2016 Mamoudou S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Aim: Pneumococcal meningitis remains a public health problem in Burkina Faso. The aim of our study was to describe the epidemiological and evolutionary aspects of pneumococcal meningitis. Patients and Methods: It was about a retrospective and descriptive study of the records of patients hospitalized for pneumococcal meningitis in the department of infectious diseases at CHU-YO, Burkina Faso during the period going from January 1st 2000 to December 31st 2014. Results: In 15 years, 318 cases were collected, representing a proportional morbidity of 5%. The sex ratio M/F was 1.2 and the average age was 24 years [44 days-70 years]. The majority (91%) of patients were from suburban areas of the city of Ouagadougou. Housewives, farmers and students were the most affected with 23%, 10% and 9%. The annual peaks of meningitis cases were recorded between January and April, which corresponds to the dry season. The evolution was fatal in 39.62%. The frequency of pneumococcal meningitis at CHU-YO remains relatively high with a heavy lethality. Hence the need to promote pneumococcal vaccination and strengthen the technical platform for an appropriate treatment of cases.

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