alexa
Reach Us +44-3308187254

GET THE APP

Dersleri yüzünden oldukça stresli bir ruh haline sikiş hikayeleri bürünüp özel matematik dersinden önce rahatlayabilmek için amatör pornolar kendisini yatak odasına kapatan genç adam telefonundan porno resimleri açtığı porno filmini keyifle seyir ederek yatağını mobil porno okşar ruh dinlendirici olduğunu iddia ettikleri özel sex resim bir masaj salonunda çalışan genç masör hem sağlık hem de huzur sikiş için gelip masaj yaptıracak olan kadını gördüğünde porn nutku tutulur tüm gün boyu seksi lezbiyenleri sikiş dikizleyerek onları en savunmasız anlarında fotoğraflayan azılı erkek lavaboya geçerek fotoğraflara bakıp koca yarağını keyifle okşamaya başlar
Microscopic Colitis: An Overview | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2381-8727

International Journal of Inflammation, Cancer and Integrative Therapy
Open Access

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Short Communication

Microscopic Colitis: An Overview

Ashraf MU*, Aslam M, Zaheer MS, Rabbani MU, Khan SA and Ashraf J

J N Medical College, AMU, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Muhammad Uwais Ashraf
J N Medical College, AMU, Aligarh
Uttar Pradesh, India,
Tel: +6096275587
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: June 2, 2014; Accepted date: September 23, 2014; Published date: September 25, 2014

Citation: Ashraf MU, Aslam M, Zaheer MS, Rabbani MU, Khan SA, et al. (2014) Microscopic Colitis: An Overview. Microinflammation 1:108. doi: 10.4172/2381-8727.1000108

Copyright: © 2014 Ashraf MU, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

Abstract

Microscopic colitis may be defined as a clinical syndrome, of unknown etiology, consisting of chronic watery diarrhea, with no or minimal changes seen on colonoscopy. Therefore, a definitive diagnosis is only possible by histology. The epidemiological characteristics of this disease have become more elaborate over the past few years, and most of the data has come from Western countries. Microscopic colitis includes two histological subtypes [collagenous colitis (CC) and lymphocytic colitis (LC)] with no differences in clinical presentation and management. Collagenous colitis is characterized by a thickening of the sub epithelial collagen layer which is not seen in LC. The main feature of LC is an increase in the density of intra-epithelial lymphocytes in the surface epithelium. A number of theories have been proposed over the years regarding the pathogenesis of this entity, including the role of luminal agents, autoimmunity, eosinophils, genetics (human leukocyte antigen), biliary acids, infections, alterations in fibroblasts, and drug intake; drugs like ticlopidine, carbamazepine or ranitidine are especially associated with the development of LC, while CC is more frequently linked to cimetidine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and lansoprazole. Recent evidence has added new pharmacological options for the treatment of microscopic colitis: the role of steroidal therapy, especially oral budesonide, has gained popularity, as well as immunosuppressive agents such as azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine. The use of anti-tumor necrosis factor-α agents, infliximab and adalimumab, constitutes a new, interesting tool for the treatment of microscopic colitis.

Top