Neurologic Manifestations of Leishmania spp. Infection
- *Corresponding Author:
- Christine Anne Petersen
Immunobiology Program, College of Veterinary Medicine
Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: 1 April 2011; Revised Date: 7 April 2011; Accepted Date: 9 April 2011
When listing common clinical signs of the spectra of Leishmania-derived diseases, neurologic malfunctions are not commonly included. Despite this, there are multiple reported instances both in human and veterinary medicine where neurologic manifestations, whether central or peripheral, are described. In this review, we describe neurologic manifestations seen during infection with Leishmania spp. with some discussion of the implicit effect of inflammation on the blood brain barrier in both medical and veterinary cases. Taken together, the material discussed here suggests that in patients from Leishmania-endemic areas, when observing neurologic symptoms, causation secondary to infection with Leishmania spp. should be highly considered.