alexa

GET THE APP

Risk Factors for Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Its Mortality Rate: A Multicenter Study in Indonesia | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2381-8727

International Journal of Inflammation, Cancer and Integrative Therapy
Open Access

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Risk Factors for Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Its Mortality Rate: A Multicenter Study in Indonesia

*Corresponding Author:

Copyright: © 0  . This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of cancer death worldwide. It is the most common primary liver cancer with very poor prognosis and outcome. The incidence is much higher in men and stands as third most common cancer among men and seventh in women. Eastern and South-Eastern Asia have the highest incidence with the age-standardized ratio (ASR) of 31.9 and 22.2 per 100.000 respectively. A study in Indonesia by Mulyana investigated that HCC patients’ survival in Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital was very low with only 4.8 months of median survival and 24.1% one-year survival rate. After fifteen years, a recent study in Indonesia showed no improvement in the survival of HCC patients with 29.4% one- year survival rate.
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are the primary cause of HCC, while hepatitis B is more common in Asia and developing countries  Moreover, the endemicity of hepatitis B in Indonesia is intermediate to high and varied between region ranging from 4.7 to 11.2%

Keywords

Top