alexa The Immune System in the Pathogenesis and Prevention of
ISSN: 2157-2526

Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Review Article

The Immune System in the Pathogenesis and Prevention of Prion Diseases

Annissa Furr1,2, Alan J Young1,2* and Jurgen Richt3

1Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, South Dakota State University

2Medgene Labs LLC, Brookings, SD

3Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Alan J. Young
Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
South Dakota State University
Brookings, SD. 57006, USA
Tel: 605-688-5982
Fax: 605-688-6003
Email: [email protected]

Received Date: August 31, 2011; Accepted Date: January 27, 2012; Published Date: February 16, 2012

Citation: Furr A, Young AJ, Richt J (2012) The Immune System in the Pathogenesis and Prevention of Prion Diseases. J Bioterr Biodef S1:012. doi: 10.4172/2157-2526.S1-012

Copyright: © 2012 Furr A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) remains a significant threat to both human and animal health in the United States and in particular a threat to the agriculture industry. The diagnosis of BSE in a single cow within the United States in 2003 led to net losses of billions of dollars and additional studies have pointed to significant sociological consequences of BSE cases in Canada, particularly in terms of the dissolution of rural communities. Unlike other infectious diseases, BSE and other prion diseases are caused by a misfolded protein (PrPSc) that is highly resistant to normal nucleic acid-based disinfection and sterilization procedures. Disease progression is linked to the progressive conversion of a normal cellular molecule (PrPC) into the infectious form (PrPSc) mainly on cells of the immune and neurological systems, leading to formation of multimolecular fibrils associated with progressive neurodegeneration and dementia. Due to the unique nature of this infectious particle and the fact that the disease is caused by a misfolded form of a normal self-protein, development of vaccines and other therapeutics have been challenging. The molecular
mechanisms behind PrPSc targeting to lymph node germinal centers and the failure of immune recognition, remain unclear. Here, we review the current knowledge of prion disease biology, the role of the immune system in disease transmission and pathogenesis and efforts towards development of therapeutics and vaccines. While feed-based control of BSE has been successful in limiting transmission and spread of the disease, the recent description of apparently spontaneous and/or genetic forms of BSE underlies the importance of continued research into tools to counter this unique disease threat to the world economy as well as animal and human health.

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version