Air Quality Management In Agua Santa, Puebla | 12067
Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
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The main objective of this research is to investigate the phenomenon of climate change in the southern region of the
Metropolitan Puebla Valley in Mexico, providing information and generating knowledge that supports the development of
effective strategies. The state of Puebla is the fourth largest in Mexico, and the Puebla Valley is an important industrial zone with
a population over 5 million of people. Using a raw dataset from Agua Santa, one of the most populated and polluted areas of the
Puebla Valley (years 2000-2009) located in the southern area, we built a Relational Object Oriented Design framework able to
perform a multidimensional information process with Online Analytical Processing using Extraction, Transformation and Load
to manage the relational data stores.
Data were analyzed to identify a pattern and found that air quality in the area and average temperature were determined primarily
by the concentrations of PM10 and Ozone. In general, variables that determine air quality are related to climatic variables. It was
found that the strongest relationship between variables correspond to PM10, Ozone, IMECAS and temperature. The next strong
correlation was between relative humidity and CO2
, followed by the correlation between SO2
and finally wind.
Besides, we generated a set of training data and another set of tests, and executed the algorithms for time series predictions for
every climate variable in the model.
It is worth mentioning that the contribution arising from this research is not only the knowledge gained from the data, but also a
set of tools and processes that will allow further investigation of the phenomenon of climate change in any area or region.
Maria A. Osorio obtained her bachelor?s degree in Chemical Engineering at the University of the Americas in Puebla, Mexico, master?s degree in
Systems at the Iberoamerican University in Mexico, master?s degree and a Ph.D. in Operations Research at the National University of Mexico. She
worked on her dissertation with John Hooker at Carnegie Mellon, had a Postdoctoral position at the University of Colorado at Boulder working with
Manuel Laguna and Fred Glover. She was also a Research Associate at the Imperial College and has been working for the Universidad Autonoma
de Puebla since 1983. Currently, she is the Director of the Chemical Engineering Department at the Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, is the Vice
President of the Mexican Society of Operations Research, is in the Editorial board of the Cuban Journal of Operational Research and belongs to the
National System of Research in Mexico, publishing more than 50 papers in first level journals.
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