Analysis Of The Impact Of Climate Change On Maize (Zea Mays) Yield In Central Ethiopia | 18621
Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
Like us on:
Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.
Climate change refers to a change in the state of the climate that can be identified (e.g. using statistical tests) by changes
in the mean and/or variance of its properties and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer. In
Ethiopia; maize production in relation to climate change at regional and sub- regional scales have not been studied in detail.
Thus, this study was aimed to analyse impact of climate change on maize yield in Bako and Ambo Districts, Central Ethiopia.
To this effect, weather data, soil data and maize experimental data for BH660 hybrid were used. APSIM software was used
to investigate the response of maize (
) yield to different agronomic management practices using current and future
(2020s-2080s) climate data. The climate change projections data which were downscaled using SDSM were used as input of
climate data for the impact analysis. Compared to agronomic practices the impact of climate change on BH660 in Central
Ethiopia is minute. However, within 2020s-2080s in Ambo area; the yield of BH660 hybrid is projected to reduce by 0.88% to
1.4%. While in Bako area; it is projected to increase by 1.3% to 3.5% in 2050s and 2080s. Thus, to adapt to the changing climate;
farmers should consider to increase plant density and fertilizer rate per hectare.
Takele Nemomsa has completed his MSc in Environmental Science at the age of 32 years in 2014 from Ambo University. He is doing research on climate-crop
modelling in Ethiopia
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals