Anomalous Production Of Carbon And Water In Proto-terrestrial Atmospheres: The Explanation Based On Piezonuclear Reactions | 12062
Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
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Piezonuclear fission reactions, which occur in inert materials, are induced by high frequency pressure waves and, in particular,
by brittle fracture in solids under compression. Their experimental evidence can be also confirmed considering the
anomalous chemical balances of the major events that have affected the Earth?s crust, oceans and atmosphere, over the last four
billion years. These anomalies include: (i) the abrupt percentage variations in the most abundant elements in correspondence
to the formation and most intense activity of tectonic plates; (ii) the Great Oxidation Event (2.7 to 2.4 billion years ago), with a
sharp increase in atmospheric oxygen and the subsequent origin of life; (iii) the increase in carbon and nitrogen concentrations
within the primordial atmosphere. Recent studies have revealed that not only the Earth?s crust, but also its atmosphere and the
concentrations of the basic elements for the development of life in the oceans have drastically changed over the Earth?s lifetime.
The piezonuclear reactions, recently discovered, may be considered in order to explain the strong variations between past and
present composition of the Earth?s atmosphere and the ocean formation itself. Today, several scientists sustain that, throughout
the Twentieth Century, new forms of carbon pollution and the reactive nitrogen released into terrestrial environment by human
activities (synthetic fertilizers, industrial use of ammonia, etc.) have been responsible for the dramatic increase in greenhouse
gases. However, a strong doubt remains whether these phenomena may be also interpreted considering the piezonuclear effects
on atmosphere and ocean evolution through plate tectonics and seismicity
Alberto Carpinteri is the Chair of Solid and Structural Mechanics at the Politecnico di Torino (Italy). He was the President of different scientific
Associations and Institutions, among which the International Congress on Fracture (ICF) and the National Research Institute of Metrology in Italy
(INRIM). He is the author of more than 700 publications, of which over 300 in international peer-reviewed journals. He is presently the Editor-in-Chief
of the journal ?Meccanica?.
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