Biodegradation Of Malathion By PGPR | 12127
ISSN: 2157-7617

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
Open Access

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Biodegradation of malathion by PGPR

2nd International Conference on Earth Science & Climate Change

Sarika Kanade, Vikram Khilare and Avinash Ade

Accepted Abstracts: J Earth Sci Climate Change

DOI: 10.4172/2157-7617.S1.011

F or the degradation of an organophosphorus insecticide, malathion, five plant growth promoting rhizobacteria viz. Rhizobium meliloti, Azotobacter chroococcum, Azospirillum lipoferum, Pseudomonas fluorescens and Bacillus polymyxa were used. These were isolated from the root nodule of Trigonella foenum graecum (Rhizobium), sugarcane rhizoplane (Azospirillum) and garden soil (Azotobacter chroococcum, Azospirillum lipoferum and Bacillus polymyxa). The tolerance to the malathion was observed by measuring the colony diameter of these PGPR on their respective cultivation media. The Rhizobium meliloti showed growth up to 200 μg/ml concentrations. The remaining PGPR i.e. Azotobacter chroococcum , Azospirillum lipoferum, Pseudomonas fluorescens and Bacillus polymyxa showed growth up to 1000 μg/ml. By taking the sub lethal concentration of malathion in the respective broth cultivation media these PGPR were inoculated and incubated for 10 days at room temperature. The amount of residual malathion after the treatment of PGPR was measured by GCMS method. The estimation of residual malathion after 10 days was calculated on the basis of area occupied in the gas chromatogram under GCMS analysis. The maximum degradation was found in case of Bacillus polymyxa and Pseudomonas fluorescens while least degradation was found in case of Azotobacter chroococcum . Other two PGPR were moderate. To identify the degradation whether extracellular or intracellular the TLC analysis was performed by taking the cell free extract of the malathion degradation assay which showed that there were no degradation of malathion but after sonication of the bacterial cells, the malathion degradation products were reported which were analyzed by GCMS