Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
Like us on:
Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.
Vermicompost application is important for increasing rice productivity and minimizing methane (CH4) emissions in paddy soil.
However, its effect on CH4 emissions in the Philippines have not been thoroughly evaluated. This study aimed to assess the
effect of vermicompost at rate of 2 tons ha-1 applied alone or in combination with recommended rate of inorganic fertilizers (RRIF)
at 80-40-60 N-P2O5-K2O kg ha-1 on CH4 emission and productivity in a typical mono-rice Maapag clay in Northern Mindanao.
The treatments included: Control (no fertilizer), full RRIF, vermicompost alone, ½ RRIF, ½ RRIF + vermicompost and RRIF +
vermicompost. Rice productivity increased significantly with inorganic NPK fertilizer application and more with combined inorganic
NPK and vermicompost. Methane emission rates, which were measured by closed-chamber method, increased significantly with
vermicompost applications but the total CH4 flux per grain yield did not significantly differ between inorganic NPK fertilization alone
and inorganic fertilization + vermicompost. Similarly, total CH4 flux per grain yield was the highest in the full recommended rate of
inorganic fertilizers + vermicompost but did not significantly differ with ½ RRIF + vermicompost and 2 tons vermicompost alone
treatments. Our findings revealed that vermicompost application can be an effective organic amendment to increase rice productivity
without significantly increasing CH4 emission, which is comparable to the CH4 flux per grain yield of inorganic fertilization alone in
a Philippine mono-rice cultivation systems.
Nonilona P Daquiado has completed her MS in Soil Science at the University of the Philippines at Los Baños, College, Los Baños, Laguna, Phillippines and her PhD in Soil Science at the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia and is currently, a Professor of the Department of Soil Science, Central Mindanao University.