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Conversion Of Carbon Dioxide Into Methane Formation By Methane-producing Bacterium FJ10 Under Pressurized Conditions | 2501
ISSN: 2157-7617

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
Open Access

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Conversion of carbon dioxide into methane formation by methane-producing bacterium FJ10 under pressurized conditions

International Conference on Earth Science & Climate Change

Yen-Hui Lin

Accepted Abstracts: J Earth Sci Climate Change

DOI: 10.4172/2157-7617.S1.007

Abstract
In this study, fresh water methane-producing bacterium (MPB), strain FJ10, which used H2 as an electron donor and CO2 as an electron acceptor, was isolated and chosen as the primary methanogen for the conversion of CO2 into CH4 . Improvements to culture medium to increase methane formation were investigated using a fractional factorial design in 32 experiments with six variables under consumption of H2 /CO2 at ratios of 4 and 1. The tested nutrient compositions were NaCl, NH4 Cl, FeSO4 , MgCl2 , H2 PO4 and yeast extract. Experimental results indicate that yeast extract was essential for growth of strain FJ10 to impact the conversion of CO2 into CH4 . Strain FJ10 generated maximum CH4 formation with 5.0 g/l of yeast extract. Moreover, optimal culture conditions for methane production by strain FJ10 were 40?C and pH 8. Approximately 22-25% of CO2 conversion into CH4 was achieved at an H2 /CO2 ratio of 4 and roughly 2.5-6% of CO2 conversion into CH4 was obtained at an H2 /CO2 ratio of 1 under different pressurized conditions of 1 atm, 50 atm and 100 atm. Under 100 atm, about 6780 ?M CH4 was produced with an H2 /CO2 ratio of 4 and 4240 ?M CH4 was produced with an H2 /CO2 ratio of 1 under the steady state condition. The kinetic model for H2 /CO2 utilization and CH4 formation under different pressures was verified by experimental data. Model predictions are in good agreement with experimental results. The experimental and modeling approaches in this study can be applied to evaluate the conversion of CO2 into CH4 as an energy source by geo-microorganisms in geological sequestration.
Biography
Yen-Hui Lin has completed his PhD at the age of 36 years from University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee and became a research fellow at Development Center for Biotechnology in Taiwan. He is an associate professor and published more than 20 papers in reputed professional journals and serving as an editorial board member of Journal of Bioremediation and Biodegradation.
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