Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
Like us on:
Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.
Satisfactory disposal of wastewater, whether by surface, subsurface methods or dilution, is dependent on its treatment
prior to disposal. Adequate treatment is necessary to prevent contamination of receiving waters to a degree which might
interfere with their best or intended use, whether it be for water supply, recreation, or any other required purpose. The sewage
treatment technologies have proven to be expensive, complex and are failing to cater to the total wastewater generated. The
untreated/partially treated wastewater makes its way to the water body causing immense degradation of the ecosystem and the
environmental health. Some effective, advanced treatment technologies take high construction and maintenance costs, high
energy consumption. Need is for sustainable wastewater treatment technologies - to locally treat the sewage and also reuse. The
decentralized sewage treatment can be both electro-mechanical system that have higher energy requirement or natural systems
with less or no energy requirement. Substantial efforts are being made to document, understand, and explain the science behind
these issues all over the world. The DHS (Down-flow Hanging Sponge) Bio-Tower based on anammox process in combination
with UASB (Upward Flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket) is one of the economically attractive systems for sewage treatment & well
suited for tropical and subtropical countries. The DHS Bio reactors employing different sizes of sponge media exhibit excellent
performance in removal of BOD, COD and ammonium nitrogen, at a fixed hydraulic retention time. Wastewater is trickled
from the top of the reactor and is allowed to flow vertically down through the reactor containing microorganisms, retained
both inside and outside of the sponge media. The results of investigations show that smaller sponge media produced better
removal efficiencies and may be due to better oxygen uptake in the stream flowing down through reactor.
Rakesh Kumar Bhardwaj has completed his PhD from Kurukshetra University, India. He is working as Principal at Dyal Singh College Karnal India since Sept 2012.
Before that he has been working as Associate Professor in the Department of Chemistry, Dyal Singh. His research interest includes the physico-chemical and
spectroscopic studies of binary liquid mixtures including the H-bonded dimmers structure using DFT (Density Functional Theory). He has published more than 35
research papers in the journals of international repute and has written 12 text books of physical chemistry. He has orally presented his research papers and talk at
a number of international conferences in India and abroad. He is the recipient of many fellowship & travel grants from international organizations. Moreover in 2011,
he was shortlisted among the top ten finalists for the best Chemistry Teacher award on all India base and was awarded the certificate of recognition by Tata Group
in combination with ACT, NCL Pune and IISC Bangalore.
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals