Downscaling GRACE Satellite Data For Climate Variability Analysis In The California?s Central Valley | 2483
ISSN: 2157-7617

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
Open Access

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Downscaling GRACE satellite data for climate variability analysis in the California?s central valley

International Conference on Earth Science & Climate Change

Amber Jean Kuss, Michelle Newcomer, Wei-Chen Hsu, Abdelwahab Bourai, Abhijitkrishna Puranam, Felix Landerer and Cindy Schmidt

Accepted Abstracts: J Earth Sci Climate Change

DOI: 10.4172/2157-7617.S1.007

The Central Valley aquifer is a vital economic and environmental resource for California and the United States, and supplies water for one of the most agriculturally productive regions in the world. Recent estimates of groundwater availability in California have indicated declines in groundwater levels that may pose a threat to sustainability this region. Climate variability poses an additional challenge to this region, altering groundwater recharge and influencing pumping practices. The Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) provides total water storage (TWS) anomalies and understanding the effects of climate variability, such as the El Ni?o Southern Oscillation (ENSO), may improve GRACE-derived estimates of groundwater availability during periods of increased rain or droughts. To understand the effects of the ENSO oscillation on groundwater storage in the Central Valley, we first downscaled the GRACE data to the groundwater basin level using in-situ groundwater level data and a hydrological model provided by the California Department of Water Resources (DWR). Additionally, we assessed the effects of ENSO on GRACE-derived groundwater storage estimates, and groundwater elevations in the Central Valley aquifer using singular spectral analysis (SSA) and wavelet analysis. Results from SSA and wavelet analysis indicate variations in water availability similar to the 2−7 year ENSO periodicity. The incorporation of these new methods for estimating variations in groundwater storage in highly productive aquifers may improve water management techniques in California.
Amber Jean Kuss is currently the Assistant Center Lead for the NASA Ames DEVELOP Program, and has been with the program since summer of 2010. Ms. Kuss has been the team lead for a research project using GRACE satellite data for estimating changes in groundwater storage in the Central Valley aquifer. Ms.Kuss received her B.S. in Geology from the College of Charleston, and her M.Sc. in Geosciences from San Francisco State University. Ms. Kuss also has experience as Staff Geologist for Environmental Resources Management (ERM) and as a lecturer for Oceanography at San Francisco State University.