Facilitating Access, Transportation And Opportunities In Previously Inaccessible Areas: The Role Of Unmanned Aerial Systems In A Changing Climate | 107319
Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
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Statement of the Problem: The changing environmental and geopolitical conditions in the Arctic present both challenges
and opportunities. With the decreasing ice cap allowing much greater access to natural resources and potential new
shipping lanes, commercial and military organizations are focusing on how to gain a dominant position. However, there
are significant obstacles to Arctic exploration including cold weather extremes, environmental impacts, shifting ice,
difficult logistical resupply, and very limited communications, navigational and data support.
Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: The researchers planned and executed ground breaking experiments in realworld
Arctic unmanned aerial systems (UAS) operational deployments aboard the U.S. Coast Guard icebreaker Healy
(WAGB-20) and the Canadian Coast Guard Icebreaker Louis S. St. Laurent (CGBN). These experiments utilized two
types of UAS, the Raven and the Puma, both manufactured by AeroVironment.
Findings: The efficacy of UAS???s in supporting navigational, environmental and communications needs in increasingly
accessible but still highly austere regions and areas was conclusively demonstrated by these missions. Shortfalls in
communications capabilities and mission planning effectiveness were identified. This research resulted in updates to UAS
mission planning software.
Conclusion & Significance: The results of these two Arctic expeditions will be described and the lessons learned as to the
utility of unmanned aero systems in filling capability gaps will be characterized.
1. Leitner, Peter and Lucy Leitner. Nemesis Selection. (Washington, D.C.: Capitol Media Group. 2019).
2. Peter Leitner, Daniel Javorsek II, John Rose and Christopher Marshall. A Formal Risk-Effectiveness Analysis
Proposal for the Compartmentalized Intelligence Security Structure," International Journal of Intelligence and
CounterIntelligence, Spring 2015, No. 4, pp. 734???761.
3. Peter Leitner, ???Bridging the Science/Policy Divide Concerning CBRN Warnings??? Chemical and Biological
Medical Treatments Symposia (CBMTS) IX, World Congress on the CBRN Threat and Terrorism, Spiez,
Switzerland, 7 ??? 9 May 2012.
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Cooperation in the
5. Western Balkans and Global Asymmetric Threats. CIP: Durres, Albania, 2012.
6. Leitner, Peter and Richard Leitner, (Eds.). Unheeded Warnings -- The Lost Reports of the Congressional Task
Force on Terrorism and Unconventional Warfare. (Washington, D.C., Crossbow Books, 2007).
7. Leitner, Peter and Ronald Stupak (Eds.). Handbook of Public Quality Management. (New York, N.Y.: Marcel
Dekker Publishers, Inc., March 2001).
8. Leitner, Peter. Reforming the Law of the Sea Treaty: Opportunities Missed, Precedents Set, and U.S. Sovereignty
Threatened. (Lanham, Md: University Press of America, 1996).
Peter Leitner. Now a professor in the School of Science and Technology Intelligence at the National Intelligence University, Peter Leitner spent 21 years as a senior strategic trade adviser and negotiator in the Office of the Secretary of Defense. Leitner, who has a doctorate and four master’s degrees, helped found the National Center for Biodefense and Infectious Diseases at George Mason University. He has provided intelligence and anti-terrorism training through the Higgins Counterterrorism Research Center. The author of six books and many articles, Leitner has testified before both houses of the U.S. Congress.
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