JBR Journal of Interdisciplinary Medicine and Dental Science
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Caries tissue removal has been done by rotary instruments with different speeds for a long time. It has been revealed that,
rotary instruments, cavity preparations based on extension for prevention and Black principles can result with loss of
healthy dental tissue and tooth in the long term. This led the researches focus on new caries removal concept that prevents
healthy dental tissues which is named as minimal invasive approach. At the same time and at the same speed, restorative
materials have evolved as the demands have changed over the course of time. Currently, pediatric dentists are confronted
with many choices available in the market as well. However, sometimes it is hard for them to decide which material to use in
different clinical situations. Remarkable developments in GIC resulted in wide range of alternatives for clinical applications
such as resin modified glassionomers (RMGIC), high viscosity glass ionomer cements (HVGIC), nanoionomers and glass
carbomer cements, and with claims of improved physical characteristics. On the other, compomers, composite resins are still
the most esthetically desirable materials. No mixing, light polymerization and one step adhesive systems combine for their
highly rated ease of use. A better understanding of the components and the strengths and weaknesses of each category of
materials offers the opportunity to select the right material for the right situation. In this lecture, definitions of these materials,
a general description of their contents and usage-selection criteria will be discussed.